48. Environs of Stockholm.
The long arm of the Baltic which receives the waters of the Malar
at Stockholm is usually called Saltsjbn, by way of contrast to the Malar.
This inlet is a iskargard' or archipelago of countless islands, rocks, and
cliffs, separated by water-ways in all directions. The direct distance from
Stockholm to the outermost rocks is about BO Kil. (371/2 M.). The rocky
banks of this inlet are higher and more picturesque than those of Lake
Malaren, and are enlivened with many villas.
Lake Malaren (2 ft. above the Baltic), which extends inland from
Stockholm for a distance of 130 Kil. (81 JI.), and may be described as a
fresh-water 'skargard1, contains over 1200 islands ('oar', 'holmar'). On its
banks and its islands may be counted about 200 chateaux and mansions
and 106 villages.
Among the finest excursions from Stockholm are those to the
Djurgard, Gustafsberg, Waxholm, Drottningholm, and Gripsholm.
Steamers, etc., see Sveriges Kommunikationer (and see p. 278). ^
DJURGARDEN. — Tramway every lOmin. from Slussen, over theNorr-
bro, etc. (see p. 277). Steam Launches, pleasanter, every 10 min. from the
piers mentioned at p. 278. For the return-journey the launches starting
from Alkdrret (PI. H, 4) are the most convenient.
The *Djurgard, a delightful park, of which Stockholm is justly
proud, with fine old oaks, pleasant villas, and beautiful walks in
every direction, occupies an island 2 M. long and ahout 3/4 M. broad.
It was laid out by Gustavus III. and Charles XIV. John, having
originally been a deer-park, as its name imports. On the W. side
of the island lies Djurgards-Staden, the only suburb of Stockholm
which is still almost entirely built of timber, with the Jernvctg
(iron weighing-house), coffee-gardens, popular shows, etc.
In the N.W. angle, not far from the Djurgardsbro, the bridge
hy which the tramway reaches the island, is the Djurgards-Teater
(PI. I, 3). Farther on, opposite Alkdrret, a small Plats planted
with trees, where the steam-launches land, is Hammer s Villa,
which formerly belonged to Bystrbm, the sculptor, containing an
art-collection. To the left, a little further on, is Hasselbacken
(p. 276), the largest and best of the restaurants, with grounds
affording fine views and containing an o&k.('Bellmans Eken') under
which Bellman composed some of his charming songs. Near this
is a statue of the poet by Gr. A. Nystrom. Farther on are the po¬
pular Tesorts Manegen, Alhambra, Tivoli (similar to the Tivoli
of Copenhagen, with the 'Victoria Theatre', a zoological garden,
concerts, etc.; line view from the upper part of the garden), and
To the S. of Djurgardsstaden is the islet of Beckholmen, containing
two dry-docks hewn in the rock, tar-works, etc. — Ferry thence occasionally
A beautiful point a little to the E. of these places of amuse¬
ment is called Bellmans-Ro, near which stands a *Bronze Bust of
Karl Michael Bellman (b. 1740, d. 1795), the great improvisatore
and the most genial and popular of Swedish poets (by Bystrbm,
erected in 1829). On 26th July ('Bellmansdagen') crowds of the