Museum. STOCKHOLM. 47. Route. 291
"""Historical Museum, or Museum of Swedish Antiquities, a most
valuable collection of objects from the earliest times down to the
present day, founded in the 17th cent., and much extended by the
late director, Hr. B. E. Hildebrand. The museum is admirably
arranged, and is one of the finest of the kind in existence. The
present director is Dr. H. Hildebrand. (See ground-plan, p. 298.)
A glass-door leads into the Vestibule, where the excellent English
Catalogue by 0. Montelius may be purchased (2 kr.). We turn to the left.
The black figures on white ground indicate the order in which the objects
should be examined. See also pp. xxxix, xl.
Rooms I. & II. Objects of the Flint Period ('Stenaldern'), a pre¬
historic era when the use of metal was unknown, and when the most ne¬
cessary implements were made of flint, bone, or wood. The chief objects
here are arrow-heads, axes, earthen vessels, and amber-beads. The classi¬
fied objects in the wall-presses and in one of the cases have been found
mostly in Skane. The remaining cases contain objects, partly from ancient
tombs, found in other districts of Sweden. Among these are carved flints,
fine battle-axes, the contents of tombs with the bones of domestic animals,
and characteristic objects in slate from the northernmost districts of Swe¬
den. Room I. also contains several models of tombs.
Room III. Objects of the Bronze Period ('Bronsaldern'), when the
inhabitants of Sweden came for the first time into contact with the more
civilised natives of Asia and S. Europe. Observe a shield (No. 1) of S.
European origin, a dagger (21) found in West Gotland, other handsome
daggers, swords, battle-axes, and vessels with rich ornament.
Objects of the Iron Age ('Jernaldem'; comp. p. xxxix). The earliest
of these show traces of Celtic influence; a later group has been affected
by Roman provincial culture, while more recent objects are akin to
the Frankish and Alemannic antiquities of W. Germany of the period
during and after the migrations. In the same room is the rich collection
from the Island of Gotland, embracing a period of over a thousand years.
We begin with No. 1. No. 2 shows Roman influence; No. 4 illustrates
the period of migration ; beside it are the contents of a tomb, including
an Indian shell; some of the brooches are highly characteristic. The col¬
lection of silver ornaments (No. 8) from this island is also very rich. —
Room III. also contains objects of the earlier iron age found on the main¬
land of Sweden, including four of Roman origin (large bronze vase with
inscription, statuettes, glass drinking-horn, etc.), superb neck-rings with
filigree ornamentation (7c), and many other gold ornaments. Observe
also the valuable relics from the tombs of Wendel, where several warriors
were found interred in their ships (comp. p. 323).
Room IV. Objects of the later Iron Age, from the mainland. We
note here the objects found at Bjbrko in Lake Malaren (p. 303), where
the oldest Christian burial-place in Sweden was re-discovered, and the
valuable collection of silver ornaments. Also copies of a rock in Soder-
manland, with Runic inscription and a design from the Siegfried Saga,
and of a large Runic stone near Eok in Ostergotland, with the longest
Runic inscription that has been preserved.
Next, the Mediaeval Collection ('Medeltiden'): objects of 11th-
Room V. Ornaments, church -furniture, and vestments of the 14th,
15th, and beginning of 16th cent., including a treasure buried at Dune in
the i4th cent. (No. 9, in the two cases in the centre, in front of the win¬
dow), and a votive figure in wood (1489) of St. George from the Stora Kyrka
The Royal Cabinet of Coins (director, Dr. H. Hildebrand) occupies an
adjoining room (to the N.E.). Swedish medals are exposed to view in
glass-cases, but the coins are kept in presses, and are shown by special
Returning to the vestibule from Room V., we turn to the left to visit
Rooms VI. and VII., which contain objects of the Modern Period ('Nyare