Northern Delta. SAlS. 8. Route. 445
damp here as at Alexandria, which lies in more immediate proximity
to the sea, and even in the height of summer it is often refreshingly cool.
A trip by boat down to the Mouth of the Nile (Boghaz) takes
3-372 hrs., or, if the wind is favourable, f/2 hr- only (fare 5 fr.).
Numerous dolphins will be observed in the river near its mouth.
From Damietta to Rosetta (p. 449), via, Lake Burins (Burollos), a
route which is not recommended, takes 2-3 days at least, and sometimes
c. From Damietta to Tanta.
71V2 M. Railway in 3'/4-4'/4 hrs. (two trains daily, starting at 7 a.m.
and 145p.m.); fares 54 or 36 piastres. To Mahallet-Ruh (junction of the
line to Desuk) in 3-33/i hrs.; fares 47 pias. 10, "31 pias. 20 paras.
From Damietta to (40 M.) Talkha (Mansura), see p. 442.
Beyond Talkha the train runs at a little distance to the W. of the
Damietta arm, and next reaches (51'/2 M.) Semmenud, an
uninteresting little town, consisting of a densely packed mass of
low mud-hovels (no inn). The ruins of the ancient Sebennytus,
the site of which is now occupied by Semmenud, are also insignifi¬
cant. The old Egyptian name of Sebennytus was Teb-en-nuter,
which the cuneiform inscriptions render Zabnuti (Coptic Sjemnouti
and Sebennetu). It was the capital of the nome of Sebennytes
Superior, in which Manetho (p. 85) is said to have been born,
and where, according to the myth, Horus gained one of his victories
over Seth. The figure stamped on the coins of the province
represents Horus as a warrior.
Crossing several canals, the train runs towards the S., and stops
at (56 M.) Mahallet el-Kebir, a populous town, with numerous
European houses, cotton-cleaning mills, and considerable trade.
The next stations are (64 M.) Mahallet Ruh, the junction for
Zifteh and Desuk (see below), and (71'/2 M.) Tanta (see p. 225).
From Mahallet Ruh to Zifteh (20 M.), by a branch-line in l'/2 hr.;
fares 15 or 10 piastres. Stations Bedrashiyeh, Sonta, and Zifteh, which
lies on the left bank of the Damietta arm.
From Mahallet Ruh to DesCk (33 M.), by an afternoon train (2.30
p.m.) in 2'/2 hrs.; fares 24 pias. 30,' 16 pias. 20 paras (from Tanta 31 pias.
20 paras, or 21 piastres). Those travellers only will take this route who
intend proceeding from Desuk to Rosetta.
The train runs towards the N.W., crossing numerous canals. Sta¬
tions Kotur; Neshart, a village on the right bank of the Bahr Kalin,
which the train crosses; Shabbds; and Desuk, the ancient Naukratis, on
the right bank of the Rosetta arm, which is here of considerable width.
No accommodation is procurable here, and it is not easy to hire a boat
for the whole journey to Rosetta. A small boat may, however, be hired
as far as Fua, where a larger craft for the rest of the route is more
From the Kafr ez-Zaiydl station (p. 225) an excursion may be made
to Sa el-Hager, the site of the ancient Sais, the cradle of several royal
families (24th, 26th, and 28th Dynasties); but there is no great induce¬
ment to visit the place, and even the scientific traveller is not likely
to be rewarded unless prepared to make costly excavations. At all events
a visit to this spot had better be paid in the course of a tour in the
Delta, and not on the traveller's first journey to Cairo. A donkey may