BUILDINGS OF THE MOHAMMEDANS. 187
with a column, and open towards the north. This is called the
Takhta Bosh, and is used in temperate weather for the same
purposes as the Mandara. Lastly the Muk'ad (PI. 1, 5), where the
proprietor receives visits in summer, is usually raised, like the
Takhta Bosh, half the height of the ground-floor above the level
of the court, and is adorned with several columns, while below it
are small chambers used as store-rooms and for various other pur¬
poses, and frequently the well with its drawing apparatus.
The principal part of the Harem (women's apartments), which
in smaller houses is accessible from the court only by the Bab el-
Harim (PI. I, 12; II, 3), is the Kd'a (PI. I. 14). The ceiling of
the Durka'a is higher than that of the Liwan, and has a dome in
the centre with mushrebiyeh openings. The walls of the Liwan are
1. Open hall (Takhta Bosh). 2. Cabinet. 3. Door of the Harem. 4. Booms
of the Harem with mushrebiyehs. 5. Magazine, (j. Open courts.
frequently lined with rows of shelves, with valuable porcelain,
crystal, or plate. In the larger houses a separate staircase for the
women-servants ascends from the ground-floor to the upper stories.
On its way it passes the intervening floor forming their dwelling,
which is built over the less important rooms of the ground-floor.