186 BUILDINGS OF THE MOHAMMEDANS.
(PI. I, 7), or reception-room of the proprietor, with at least one
Khazneh, or cabinet (PI. I, 15), and other conveniences. The
Mandara of the best class is of symmetrical construction, and the
door is in the middle of one of the sides. The central part of this
hall, called the Durka'a, which is paved with marble mosaic and
contains a fountain (Faskiyeh), is one step lower than the sides
on the right and left. The ground-plan is generally the same as that
of the Ka'a (PI. I, 14). Opposite the entrance of the durka'a there
is generally a Suffeh, or kind of stand in stone or marble, on
which are placed the household utensils for washing, drinking, etc.
The more elevated sides of the Mandara, called the Liwdn, are
covered with carpets and mats, thus forming a kind of couch, and
are never stepped upon except with shoeless feet. Visitors leave
their shoes in the Durka'a. Along the walls are often placed cup¬
boards, richly decorated with inlaid work and majolica. The ceil¬
ings are generally tastefully ornamented. Adjoining the court there
is usually another hall, situated a little above its level, adorned
1. Entrance of the House. 2. Seat (Mastaba) for the doorkeeper. 3. Cor¬
ridor. 4. Court. 5. A kind of bower (Muk'ad) in which visitors are re¬
ceived in summer. 6. Fountain. 7. Guest-chamber. 8. Servants' rooms
9. Donkey-stable. 10. Saddle-room. 11. Room for fodder. 12. Door leading
to the women's apartments (Bab el-Harim). 13. Staircase leading to the
proprietor's apartments. 14. Principal saloon (el-Ka'a). 15. Khazneh.
16. Small court. 17. Kitchen. 18. Bake-hous'e. 19. Privy.