HISTORY OF ART.
ratio to the weight they have to bear. It must, nevertheless, be
admitted that the eye is delighted with the brilliance of their
colouring and the perfection of their execution.
Egypt possesses a considerable number of different orders of
columns. Some of these occur in the old empire only, while others
are found for the first time in monuments of the new empire,
without, however, belonging to a higher grade of art. In the tombs
of Beni-Hasan (XII. Dynasty) we have become acquainted with the
polygonal or Proto-Doric column, and also with that with the bud-
capital. The latter was perhaps suggested by a form of pillar which
occurs in the tombs of the VI. Dynasty near Antinoe (the modern
El-Bersheh). The surfaces of the pillars are hollowed out, and in
the hollows rise lotus stalks, crowned with a bunch of buds or
closed blossoms (Fig. IV). Akin to the lotus columns of Beni
V. Papyrus Columns.
Hasan is an order of column of the new empire, which was
adorned partly with sculpture and partly with painting, and which
afterwards gradually adopted the conventional form. This column
tapers at its base, where it is encircled with a slight wreath of reed
leaves. It also tapers again upwards, and in some cases presents a
shaft painted with horizontal bands and hieroglyphics, and in
others a shaft grooved so as to imitate the stalks of a plant (the