MODE OF TRAVELLING.
§ 2. The dragoman binds himself to defray the whole cost of
the said journey, including transport, food, expense incurred through
delays, bakhshish, fees, etc., so that no claims whatever shall after¬
wards be made against the travellers.
If the traveller is satisfied with the muleteers, he may give them a
bakhshish at the end of the journey. During the journey no demands for
bakhshish should be entertained for a moment.
§ 3. The dragoman binds himself to provide for the daily use
of the said travellers . . . horses with good bridles and European
saddles, including . . . ladies' saddles, and . . . strong mules or
horses for the transport of the travellers' luggage; also to provide
sufficient fodder for the said horses and mules. In case he do not
provide fodder sufficient, the travellers shall have power to pur¬
chase enough to make up the deficiency, and to deduct the amount
from the final payment to be made to the dragoman.
(a). Riding Gear. On a long journey the comfort k>f the traveller
depends to a great extent on the kind of saddle used. The Arabian sad¬
dles are narrow, very high before and behind, and therefore not adapted
for European riders on a long journey. A European saddle with stout
girths should therefore invariably be stipulated for. Those who contem¬
plate a journey of unusual length will find it desirable to have a saddle
of their own, which may either be purchased at Beirut or Yafa, or brought
from home. Saddles for which the traveller has no farther use may be
sold at the end of the journey. A saddle-bag (Arab, khurf) will be found
very convenient; it can be bought cheaply, either of European or Arab
make, in Beirut. Care should be taken that the reins are of leather. Spurs
are not much used, but a good whip (3-5 fr.) is necessary.
(b). Luggage. For a journey into the interior of the country the trav¬
eller should dispense with all articles of luggage not absolutely necessary.
Heavy trunks are unsuitable, owing to the difficulty of packing them so
as to weigh equally on each side of the baggage-horses. Small portman¬
teaus and bags of solid leather, with good locks, are far preferable.
§ 4. The travellers shall not be liable for any damage which
may be occasioned by the fall of the horses, by theft, or in any
other manner, unless by their own fault. They shall be entitled to
use the horses daily as much as they please, and also to make di¬
gressions while the beasts of burden follow the ordinary track.
They shall likewise have power to prevent the overloading of the
beasts of burden, either by the mukari or by the dragoman, in order
that the speed of the journey may not be unduly retarded.
On long journeys the horses should be made to walk or amble at a
good steady pace. Syrian horses do not trot; galloping fatigues unne¬
cessarily, and it must not be forgotten that if only a slight accident oc¬
curs no medical aid is procurable. It is desirable for the traveller himself
no less than for his beast to make the first day's journey a short one.
As the horses are accustomed to march in single file, the rider should take
care not to be too near his neighbour, as kicking horses are not uncom¬
mon. Riding behind the baggage-horses, as the mukari would fain make
the traveller do, is intolerably slow and tedious. In many cases, there¬
fore, we indicate side-paths and digressions, which will often enable the
traveller to escape from the baggage train, and of which he should avail
himself without the least regard to the remonstrances of the muleteers.
§ 5. The dragoman shall provide one good tent (or . . . good
tents for two persons each), and for each traveller one complete bed,