MODE OF TRAVELLING.
These fares are in Austrian florins (gold), and include food but not
wine. They are calculated for the shortest route and are subject to an
increase if an indirect route be selected.
Return tickets, first and second class, are issued at reduced fares and
are available for periods of one to four months, according to the distance,
for voyages of 350 to over 1000 nautical miles.
Circular tickets may be had for round tours, the voyage being broken
at various points. They are available for two to four months and are
issued at a discount of 25 per cent on the fare for the whole tour. But
this discount does not extend to that portion of the fare which is charged
for food. Family tickets for three or more persons are also issued at
correspondingly reduced rates (exclusive of the charge for food).
4. Italian Steamers (Florio - Rubattino). — A. Genoa-Naples-
Alexandria weekly. Time out 972 days, return 8 days. Fares from
Genoa 303 fr. and 235 fr.; from Naples 222 fr. and 164 fr.
B. Asiatic Line: Naples-Alexandria-Port Sa'id every fortnight.
5. North. German Lloyd, Asiatic or Australian line, every
fortnight from Genoa to Port Sa'id: time, 5 days; fares 250 M.
(£ 12. 10 s.), 180 J? (£ 9); return every third and fourth week, see
6. Egyptian Mail Steamers, weekly from Alexandria, by Ydfa,
Beirut, Tripoli to Mersina, and back, touching Alexandretta and
Port Sa'id on the return trip.
1. Russian Steamers, weekly from Odessa by Constantinople,
Smyrna, Beirut and other intermediate ports to Alexandria and
The steamers of this company are rather small and cannot be very
highly recommended; complaints are made of want of cleanliness. At Easter,
in particular, they are full of Russian pilgrims.
8. Lastly, we may mention the English Fkeight Steamers which run
at irregular intervals between Alexandria, Beirut and Mersina. The food
C. Mode of Travelling.
There is only one railway in Syria: from Yafa to Jerusalem. Two
others are being built from Beirut to Damascus and from Acre (and
Haifa) to Damascus. The necessity of such a connection between
the coast and Damascus and the country further inland becomes
more evident every year, and the conditions are far more favourable
to such an undertaking than in S. Palestine. There are a number
of carriage roads, but most of them lead from the coast to the
interior and none at all are available for the great tour through the
centre of the country (p.xv). In the absence of railways, roads, and
carriages, the traveller has therefore no alternative but to ride, in
accordance with the custom of the country.
Horses (khel, caravan-horse gedish). Oriental horses are generally
very docile, and may therefore be safely mounted by the most
inexperienced rider. In climbing rough and precipitous paths they
are so nimble and sure-footed, that the traveller will soon accustom
himself to remain in the saddle at places where, in other countries,
one would hardly venture even to lead a horse. The horse-owner or