to Lardalseren. UPPER HALLINGDAL. 12. Route. 83
precipices. We now follow the Skarvaa and skirt the Monsbuheia,
commanding a view of Monsnuten, round which the path leads to
a hut on the 0rterenvand. We cross the river and follow the
Krakjaheia to a ford ('Vadested') between the (Store and the Vesle
Krakjavand, skirt the Halnekolle (see below) on the N. side, cross
the boundary of Bergens Stift, and reach the Olafsbuvand. The
path then follows the Kjelda to the Indstesater on the Sysenvand,
whence it leads to the gaards of Maursat and H0I, from which
last (p. 61) the Veringsfos may be visited.
Southern Route. This track crosses the Ustaelv to the S. of
Tufte and leads past the Brendesater, on the Halvorvand, and the
Tuvesater to the new Tourists' Hut, where the night is spent. It
then leads towards the W. to the Gronaelv, and crosses the Krakja¬
heia to the ford between the Krakjavand and Krakjatjam (Tjarn
or Kjam, 'pond'), near which is the Halnekolle, with two miserable
cattle-huts (Falagre). Passing the Dyretjam, we may now either
cross the Gjerenut (commanding an extensive view), or go round
its base, to the Storliensater on the Bjereia. The path follows the
latter, crosses the Leira which descends from the Sysenvand, and
descends to Maursat. This route also commands a grand view of
the Hallingskarven and the Hardanger-Jekul. — From Maursset to
the Hel Gaard, above the Veringsfos (p. 61), 6 Kil.
2. Route to the Sognefjord (about 85 Kil.; 2'/2 days). This
is one of the finest mountain-expeditions in Norway. We start
from Neraal (or Nedreaal; see p. 82), with the interesting church
of Hoi, situated between the Holsfjord and the Hevelfjord. To the
W. towers the Hallingskarven. The church of Hoi should, if
possible, be visited on a Sunday, when many picturesque old-
fashioned costumes are still worn by the peasantry. At the end
of the Hevelfjord lies the Gaard Villand, the ancient seat of the
famous and turbulent family of that name (the Villandsat), who had
another residence at Tufte ('Villandstufte'), the place mentioned
above. About 6 Kil. above Villand the road turns to the W. and
leads past the Sunddalsfjord to the Gudbrandsgaard (2550 ft.),
to which driving is practicable (good quarters). The sseter track
leads hence to the Garlidsater, and along the 0vre Strandefjord, a
lake 11 Kil. in length, on which are several sseters, to Myrestelen
(tolerable quarters), the last regularly occupied Hallingdal sseter.
The Hallingskarven remains in sight the greater part of the way.
The actual mountain-pass to the Sogn district, about 17 Kil.
in length, begins here. It is probable that the original in¬
habitants of the Upper Hallingdal crossed the mountains thither
from the coast, just as Valders was originally peopled from Laerdal.
These valleys therefore belonged to the ancient jurisdiction of the
Gulathingslag(v. 112). The path passes Ulevasbotten, Vierbotten, and
a third sseter with a herd of reindeer watched by Lapps from Reros,
and then ascends rapidly to the Skard ('gap') between the Ulevas-