to Lardalseren. KK0DEREN. 12. Route. 79
wild mountain-passes to the Sognefjord and Hardanger Fjord, but the
traveller who crosses them must be prepared for privations. The name
of Hallingdal is applied not merely to the valley itself, but to all the
numerous lateral valleys from which streams descend to the Hallingdalselv,
that is, to the entire district which is bounded on the N. and E. by
Valders, on the S. by the Numedal. and on the W. by the Hardanger region.
Owing to the long isolation of this district, and especially of its side
valleys, from the rest of the world, many of its old Norwegian charac¬
teristics have survived; and the traveller will often meet with curious old
buildings, carved wooden tankards and furniture, and picturesque costumes.
The people are remarkable for the tenacity with which they adhere to
their ancient customs and numerous traditions, many of which may here
be traced to their historical origin. Of this district it has been said that
'the knife lies loosely in its sheath', and the inhabitants unfortunately
still sometimes betray the irascible and passionate disposition which used
to find vent in the 'girdle duel', where the combatants ('Bceltespcender'')
were bound together with their belts and fought with their knives. As
an outcome of this excitable temperament may be mentioned the wild
Hallingdans or Springdans, accompanied by a weird kind of music CFani-
tullen') which has been ascribed to satanic influence. — In connection with
this subject the reader is referred to the following works: 'Norsk Lyrik',
Christiania, 1874, containing 'Asgaardsrejen1. a poem by Welhaven, and
'Fanitullen', another by Moe; 'S«ignir fra Hallingdal' by E. Nielsen; and
'Norske Bygdesagn' by L. Daae.
Railway from Christiania to (96 Kil.) Vikersund, see R. 2.
A branch-line (carriages changed) leads hence to (12 Kil.) Snarum
and (26 Kil.) Kroderen (Restaurant; *Inn, opposite the station,
clean and comfortable), prettily situated at the S. end of Lake
Krerderen (430 ft.), and near the efflux of the Snarumselv, which
falls into the Drammenselv near Aamot. The steamboat-pier is
10 min. walk from the station and inn. The lower part of the lake
is narrow and shallow, and its banks are smiling and tolerably well
cultivated ; but it afterwards expands, and the scenery assumes a
more mountainous character, especially beyond Nas, where the
imposing Norefjeld rises on the left, nearly 5000 ft. above the lake.
Seen from Krogkleven (p. 14), this mountain forms a conspicuous
object in the N.W. horizon. The district traversed between Dram¬
men and this point is that of Buskerud, and shortly before reaching
Gulsvik we enter the Fogderi Hallingdal. From 2y2 to 3y2 hrs.
after leaving Krederen the steamer reaches —
f Gulsvik (159 Kil. from Christiania). The skyds-station (good
quarters) is about 3/4Engl. M. from the lake, and prettily situated
50 ft. above it. In the neighbourhood are the Monsastue, a fine
old timber-built house ('Bjelkestue'), and several other buildings
of the 16th and 17th centuries. Gulsvik, though presenting no
particular attraction, is a good place for spending the night. The
next suitable station, to which travellers arriving about 3.30 p.m.
may drive the same evening (in about 5 hrs.), is Nas (see below).
The road follows the W. side of the valley of the Hallingdalselv.
It is nearly level all the way to Naes, and the greater part of it is
new and well constructed as far as Tuf.
14 Kil. -\Aavestrud. The scenery is pleasing, though somewhat
monotonous. The road passes several lake-like expansions of the