68 Route 10. BERGEN. Situation.
wood-carvings; Gierlsen, Nygaard, and Flor, booksellers, all in the Strand¬
gade; also Beyer, Kong Oscar's Gaden, opposite the Korskirke. Vedeler,
Torvet, figures in Norwegian costumes. — Spirits and Liqueurs at the not
very numerous shops belonging to the company (Brasndevini-Samlag),
which monopolises the trade in spirituous liquors. At some of the shops
liquors are sold in bottles only, at others by the glass. The shopkeepers
are the servants of the company, and derive no profit from the sale.
After payment of a dividend of 5 per cent, the surplus profits are paid
to the municipality. The 'permissive act' under which the company
has bought up all the licenses to sell spirits, has been adopted by many
other Norwegian towns and parishes, and is said to have produced most
Banks. Norges Bank, Credit-Kassen. and Privatbank, all in the Torv.
Baths. Warm, in the Sygehus (PI. 3) and at Holdfs (PI. c), both in
the Eng. Seabaths at the Selyst (PI. 8), by the fortress; for gentlemen
7-9 and 3-8 o'clock; for ladies 10-2 o'clock.
Theatre, in the Eng (p. 73). — Music in the Park several times
weekly, 12-1, also 8-10 p.m. (adm. 10 0.); also near Christie's Status.
Consuls. British, Mr. H. D. Janson, Strandgaden, S.W. side, a few
doors S.E. from the Smerrs-Almenning. American, Mr. F. G. Gude.
German, Hr. C. Mohr.
English Church Service in summer in the 'Gamle Muswum' school-
house, on the N. side of the Lille Lungegaards-Vand, near the Park, and
5 min. from Holdt's Hotel.
Steamboats. To Stavanger (R. 8), several times daily, direct and in¬
direct; to the Hardanger Fjord (R. 9), thrice weekly; to Christiania, six
times weekly; to the Sognefjord (R. 14), five times weekly; to Throndhjem
(R. 19), four times a week; to Hamrnerfest, thrice a week; to Vadse, once
weekly. Comp. the 'Erindringsliste' in Norges Communicationer.
Bergen (N. lat. 60° 23'), one of the oldest and most picturesque
towns in Norway, with 34,000 inhab., lies on a hilly peninsula
and isthmus bounded on the N. by the Vaag and the Byfjord, on
the S.E. by the Lungegaards-Vand, and on the S.W. by the Pudde-
fjord. In the background rise four mountains, about 2000 ft. in
height, Blaamanden (Fleifjeldet) to the N.E., Ulriken to the S.E.,
and Levstakken and Lyderhom to the S.W.; but the citizens,
on the analogy of the seven hills of Rome, enumerate seven
(Sandviksfjeldet, Fl0ifjeldet, Ulriken, L0vstakken, Damsgaardsfjeldet,
Lyderhom, and the Askefjeld in the island of Ask« to the N.W.).
The armorial bearings of the town also contain seven hills (form¬
erly seven balls). The climate is exceedingly mild and humid,
somewhat resembling that of the W. coast of Scotland; the frosts
of winter are usually slight and of short duration, the thermometer
very rarely falling below 15-20° Fahr., and the average rainfall is
72 inches (in the Nordfjord about 78 in., at Christiania 20 in
only). The mean temperature of the whole year is 45° Fahr
(Christiania, 41°), and that of July 58° (Christiania, 62°). Owing
to the mildness of the climate the vegetation in the neighbourhood
is unusually rich; flowers are abundant, while grain and fruit in
ordinary seasons ripen fairly well. Like most of the Norwegian
towns and villages, however, Bergen and its smiling environs are
closely hedged in by sterile, rocky mountains. The town is rapidly
extending to the S.E., towards the Lille and Store Lungegaards
Vand, picturesque sheets of water, which, however, are apt to have