I. Expenses. Money. Language. Passports. Post Office.
The cost of travelling in Norway and Sweden is much more
moderate than in most other parts of Europe, but as the distances
are very great and much time is consumed in traversing them by
road, steamboat, and rowing-boat, the sum total of the traveller's
expenses will not usually amount to much less than would be spent
on a tour in Switzerland or the Tyrol. After arriving in the country,
the traveller should allow at least 11. for each day of his tour, but
less will suffice if a prolonged stay be made at one or more rest¬
Money. By the monetary conventions of 1873 and 1875 the
currency of the three Scandinavian kingdoms was assimilated.
The crown (krone) is worth Is. llfed. and is divided into 100parts
called ere in Norway and ore in Sweden (see money-table before
the title-page). English sovereigns, each worth 18 kr., usually
realise their full value at all the principal centres of commerce,
though the rate of exchange is often a few ere less than 18 kr. per
pound, as in the remoter districts it is sometimes difficult to pro¬
cure change for a gold piece of 10 or 20 kr. The traveller will find
it more convenient to obtain an abundant supply of small notes
and coins (Smaa Penge) at Gothenburg, Stockholm, Christiania, or
Christiansand before starting on his tour.
Language. English is spoken on board almost all the Nor¬
wegian steamboats and at the principal resorts of travellers both
in Norway and Sweden, but in the country districts the native
tongue alone is understood. The Danish language, as pronounced
in Norway, is on the whole the most useful, especially as most
travellers devote far more time to Norway than to Sweden. (See
grammars and vocabularies in the removable cover at the end. of
Passports are unnecessary, except for the purpose of procuring
delivery of registered letters. — The Custom House Examination
is invariably lenient. Comp. p. 305.
Post Office. The postage of a letter to Great Britain, weighing
Y2 oz.r is20e., and of a post-card 10ere. The traveller should
avoid giving his correspondents any poste restante address other
than steamboat or railway stations, as the communication with
places off the beaten track is slow and uncertain. Telegraph
Offices are numerous in proportion to the population.