288 Route 41. TONGEREN. From Litge
obtained. The Hospital for the soldiers of the colonial army at
Bronbeek, close to Klarenbeek, endowed by William HI., is worth
visiting; it contains a number of old cannon and other weapons
captured in Acheen (admission 50 c). Farther on, near the village
of Velp (railway-station, see p. 305; cab from Arnhem l3/4 fl.,
tramway 25 c.) is the estate of Roozendaal; OsienBiljoen, Beek-
huizen, Rhederoord, Middachten, and others.
From Arnhem to Zutphen (Salzbergen), see R. 50.
44. From Liege to Utrecht.
119 M. Railway in 51/1-6V2 hrs.; fares 17 fr. 93, 13 fr. 90, 8 fr. 98 c;
or, in Dutch money, 9 II. 50, 7 fl. 60, 4 11. 75 cts.
Liege, see p. 174. The train starts from the Station des Guille¬
mins, stopping at the Palais de Justice and the Station de Vive-
gnies (comp. p. 174). It then skirts the hills enclosing the Meuse,
but at some distance from the river, as far as ■—
2 M. Herstal, almost a suburb of Liege, the birth-place of
Pepin 'le Gros' of Herstal, the majordomo of the palace, or chief
officer of the king, and practically the regent of the great Frankish
empire, as the power of the Merovingian monarclis had begun to
decline. His son Charles Martel did not succeed in realising the
ambitious schemes of his father; but his grandson Pepin the Little,
having secured the approval of the church, superseded ChildericIII.,
Tlnsense", was crowned king of the Franks by Archbishop Boniface
in 752, and died at Herstal in 768. Herstal also contests with
Aix-la-Chapelle the glory of being the birthplace of Chariemagne.
In 870 Charles the Bald of France concluded a treaty here with
Lewis the German concerning the partition of Lorraine.
The train now quits the valley of the Meuse, and turns to the
N. to (6 M.) Liers , from which a branch-line runs to Rocourt and
Ans (p. 168). IO1/2 M. Glons; 12i/2 M. Nederheim
14 M. Tongeren, French Tongres (*Hdtel du Paon; *Casque),
with 7200 inhab., the Roman Aduatica Tongri, was formerly the
seat of a bishop, whose residence was afterwards transferred to Liege.
The handsome Gothic Church of Notre Dame, erected in 1240, with
choir and tower of the 15th cent., possesses a valuable collection
of sacred vessels, and Romanesque cloisters with fine sculptures. —
Branch-line to St. Trond and Tirlemont, see p. 167.
20 M. Hoessell; 21 M. Bilsen (branch-line to Munsterbilsen,
p. 150); 24 M. Beverst (p. 150); 26 M. Diepenbeek.
31 M. Hasselt, where the line unites with the Antwerp, Mas¬
tricht, and Aix-la-Chapelle railway (see p. 150).
Scenery uninteresting, but the bridges over the arms of the
Meuse and Rhine towards the end of the journey are worthy of
notice. Stations Zonhoven, Helchteren, Wijchmael-Beverloo, Exel,
Neerpelt (junction for the Gladbach and Antwerp line, p. 151),
(57 M.J Achel (last in Belgium), (62'/2 M.) Valkensvaard (first in