*to Arnhem. ARNHEM. 43. Route. 287
several fine new streets and soon reach the Groote Markt , in
which the Groote Kerk and the Raadhuis are situated. The choir
of the late-Gothic Groote Kerk, which was begun in 1452, con¬
tains the monument of Charles van Egmont, Duke of Guelders
(d. 1513), a recumbent mail-clad figure in white marble, on a sar¬
cophagus of black and white marble , adorned with statues of the
Apostles, etc. Above, on the N. wall of the choir, is the kneel¬
ing figure of the Duke beneath a wooden canopy, covered with the
suit of armour worn by him during his life-time. (The sacristan
lives on the N. side of the church, fee 25 c). — To the E. of the
church rises the Raadhuis, erected by Maarten van Rossum, general
of Duke Charles of Guelders, the indefatigable opponent of the Emp.
Charles V. (indifferently restored). The public Library, behind the
Town Hall, consists mainly of theological, historical, and legal
works. — The Museum van Oudheden en Kunst, in the same
building, contains seals, coins, portraits, architectural models, etc.
The gem of the collection is a carved ivory diptych of the 13th
cent., forming the binding of a manuscript copy of the Gospels
(Evangeliarium) of the 14th cent., from the Bethlehem Monastery
The Roman Catholic Church of St. Walburga, to which the St.
Walburg-Straat leads to the right (S.) of the Raadhuis, contains a
modern carved altar and a handsome Gothic pulpit.
Environs. The district around Arnhem is the most picturesque
in Holland. The finest point in the immediate neighbourhood is
the estate of *Sonsbeek, the seat of Baron van Heeckeren. The
entrance is near the railway-station, about 1/2 M. to the N. of the
town. The park and grounds are open to the public on Mon. and
Wed. (visitors ring the 'Bel voor den Poortier'). The custodian of
the grounds, who also shows the Belvedere Tower, lives at the
entrance (fee for 1 pers. i/2 A-i f°r a Pa*ty 1-2 fl.). The park con¬
tains fine groups of trees, fish-ponds, waterfalls, grottoes, a deer-
park, a riding-course, etc. The stables also deserve inspection.
The Belvedere commands a beautiful view of the park and the fer¬
tile Betuwe as far as the Eltener Berg and the distant heights of
Immediately below the town rises the Reeberg, an eminence with
extensive pleasure-grounds and a casino where concerts are fre¬
quently given. Higher up is the country-residence of Heidenoord,
adjoining which there are beautiful walks through the woods in all
directions, provided with benches at intervals.
In the opposite direction, to the E. of Arnhem, rises a range
of heights, along the base of which runs the road to Zutphen. On
these heights several beautiful parks and pleasure-grounds are
situated, all open to strangers. Carriage, see p. 286. Upwards of
3 M. from Arnhem, on the left, is Klarenbeek, where, from the
'Steenen Tafel' (stone table), a fine view of the Rhine Valley u^