284 Route 43. GOUDA. From Amsterdam
The old road, of which little is seen from the railway, is bordered
with a succession of villas, summer-houses , and gardens , most of
them the property of wealthy merchants of Amsterdam, and extend¬
ing the whole way to Utrecht. Numerous steamboats ply on the
Vecht, and an excursion in one of them, e. g. from Arnhem to
Nieuwersluis, is very enjoyable. The stations are Abcoude, Loenen-
Vreeland, Nieuwersluis (where the train crosses the Vecht), Breu-
kelen, and Maarssen.
22 M. Utrecht, see R. 45.
From Rotterdam to Utrecht. The train starts from the Rhenish
Station on the Maas (PL H, 6, 7), and traverses a country of which
canals and pastures are the principal features. 4y2 M. Capelle,
7 M. Nieuwerkerk. The line skirts the E. side of the extensive
Zuidplas-Polder. Beyond (10 M.) Moordrecht the Kromme Gouw
12'/2 M. Gouda, commonly called Ter-Gouw (*De Zalm, in the
market-place), a town of some importance on the Yssel (which must
not be confounded with the river of that name in Guelders, see
p. 305), with 17,400 inhab., is encircled with fine old trees. Two
hours suffice to inspect the stained glass in the Groote Kerk and
visit the Museum. — On leaving the railway-station we take the
street to the left, which soon turns to the right and leads across
several canals to (V4 M.) the market-place, containing the
Raadhuis, a late-Gothic edifice of 1449. Near it is the Groote
Kerk, the entrance to which is on the S. side of the choir; the
sacristan (20 c.) lives at No. 33 A, opposite.
The Groote Kerk (St. John), founded in 1485, and rebuilt
after a fire in 1552, is a striking example of late mediaeval art.
The round - arched arcades are borne by thirty-six circular pillars.
The lofty barrel-vaulting is of wood. The beautiful *Stained-glass
Windows are perhaps the most important Dutch specimens of this
branch of art, which was successfully practised in Holland during
the 16th and 17th centuries.
There are in all 29 large and 13 smaller stained-glass windows, pre¬
sented by princes, towns, and private individuals. The best of these
(12 in number) were executed by the brothers Wouter and Dirk Crabeth
in 1555-77; the others being the work of their pupils and successors down
to 1606. Some of them have unfortunately been indifferently restored in
the 17th cent, and later. The subjects of the older windows are scriptural,
with figures of saints and of the donors, those of the later are armorial
bearings or allegorical representations. The following are by the brothers
Crabeth: No. 5. (beginning from the main entrance), Solomon and the
(Jueen of Sheba; 6. Judith and Holofernes; 7. Last Supper, present¬
ed by Philip II. of Spain , whose portrait it contains; 8. Punishment of
Heliodorus, the desecrator of the temple; 12. (farther on, in the retro-
choir) Nativity; 14. Preaching of John the Baptist; 15. Baptism of Christ;
16. Preaching of Christ; 18. John the Baptist in prison; 22. Christ driving
the merchants and money-changers out of the Temple, a gift of William I.
of Orange, afterwards enlarged; 23. Christ washing the feet of the Dis¬
ciples ; at the top, Elijah's sacrifice; 24. Below, Peter and John healing