278 Route 41. MONNICKENDAM.
the roofs glittering in the sun impart a cheerful and picturesque
appearance to the place. The houses of the poor are of one story only,
while those of the richer classes are constructed in a grotesque, but
occasionally not unpleasing style. The gable-end is generally turned
towards the street and contains the principal entrance to the house,
two or three feet above the ground , which is reached by a movable
flight of three or four steps, and is only used on the occasion of
festivals and funerals.
The traveller desirous of seeing the interior of one of these houses
may apply to Mejufvrouw A. Fregeres, at the entrance to the village,
who sells Broek antiquities (?) at somewhat high prices. Admission
to one of the cottages of the cheese-manufacturers is easily obtained
(fee V2 A-)- The dwelling is entered through the cow-stable, which
is kept so scrupulously clean, that it often serves as a kind of recep¬
tion-room. The process of cheese-making is also shown in the dairy,
where cheeses are seen in the press, or in the brine in which they are
afterwards slightly salted. Besides these rooms, the richer peasants fre¬
quently possess handsomely furnished and carpeted drawing-rooms and
Monnickendam (Doelen), the Prot. church of which contains
the tomb of the founder of the society 'tot Nut van't Algemeen'
(p. 274), is a great market for anchovies. Edam, which is famous
for its cheese, and gives it name to the cheese of the whole district,
is 3 M. distant.
The screw-steamer bound for Purmerende does not quit the
North Canal. Beyond 'T Schouw it touches at Watergang and
Purmerende (Vergulde Roskam; Heeren Logement) lies between
the Purmer, Wormer, and Beemster polders. The last of these, one
of the finest in Holland, valued on an average at 1200 fl. per acre,
reclaimed in 1608-12, begins close to the Beemster Gate. Nearly
in the middle of it lies Midden Beemster (*Heerenhuis), 4^/2 M.
distant. From Purmerende to Alkmaar steamboat once daily. The
road from Purmerende to (12 M.) Hoorn skirts the E. side of the
Beemster (railway in progress).
Hoorn (*Doelen), with 10,000inhab., the ancient capital of N.
Holland , was the birthplace of Will em Schouten, who discovered
the passage round the S. coast of America in 1616 , and named
'Cape Horn' after his native town. The road from Hoorn to Enk-
huizen (p. 312; 3i/2 hrs., diligence twice or thrice a day) leads
through the richest district in N. Holland. The houses of the pea¬
sants resemble villas. — Steamboat daily from Hoorn to Amster¬
dam, Alkmaar, etc.