276 Route 41. NOORD HOLLAND.
Excursion recommended to the E. to Muiden (Hotel de Zon), a small
town with an ancient castle at the influx of the Vecht into the Zuider¬
zee, 71/2 M. from Amsterdam. The road leads through the Muider Poort,
skirts the Linnaeus Garden, and then proceeds by the Watergraafsmeer
Polder, and the village of Diemerbrug. Railway to Weesp, see p. 307;
thence to Muiden omnibus twice daily in 72nr-
An interesting excursion (comp. Map, p. 212), may also be made to
the great Locks near Schellingwoude, 2 M. to the N.E. of Amsterdam, where
a huge dam has been constructed across the Y for the protection of the
new North Sea Canal (p. 280) from the Zuiderzee. These huge locks
are five in number, three of them being destined for the passage of
vessels, while the two others are used in the process of pumping out or
admitting the water. The largest of them is about 110 yds. in length,
22 yds. in width, and sufficiently deep for vessels of very large tonnage.
The two heaviest of the 56 ponderous lock-gates, 22 of which are con¬
structed of iron and 34 of wood, weigh 34 tons each. The cost of the
locks alone has amounted to nearly 6 million fl. — From the Muiderpoort
(PI. I, 3, p. 273; turning to the left 3 min. beyond the gate) we reach in
40 min. the S. extremity of the Dam , which leads us in 1/2 hr. to the
locks. From Schellingwoude to Nieuwendam (steamboat to Amsterdam 6-7
times daily; see p. 251), in '/s hr.; or to the Zeeburg (p. 251).
41. Broek. Purmerende. Hoorn.
Comp. Map, p. 212.
From Amsterdam to Purmerende, screw-steamer 6-9 times daily in
ll/i br. (fare 50 or 30 c), starting from the Westerhoofd (PI. C,2). Stations
Buiksloot, ' TSchouw,Watergang, and Ilpendam. From'T Schouw to Broee
and Monnickendam, passenger-barge corresponding with the screw-steamers.
— From Purmerende to Hoorn, diligence several times daily.
The province of Noord Holland, 50 M. in length, and 23-28
M. in width, is entirely surrounded by the North Sea and the
Zuiderzee, the small strip of land hitherto connecting it with the
continent being now intersected by the new North Sea Canal
(p. 280). The land on the sea-coast consists of sand only, the soil
of the interior is generally clay, moor, and fen. A great part of the
district lies 12- 15 ft. below the level of the sea, from which it is
protected on the W. side by the Dunes, and on the E. by lofty
embankments. The dykes in the vicinity of the Helder are among
the most extensive and massive in Holland. The cattle of this
district are of a remarkably fine breed, and yield an abundant
supply of excellent milk. The mutton of N. Holland also enjoys
a high reputation , and the wool of the sheep is much prized for
This part of Northern Holland, lying out of the ordinary track
of tourists, is not often visited. The inhabitants are consequently
more primitive in their habits than those of Southern Holland, and
still adhere more tenaciously to the picturesque costumes of their
The head-dress of the women is often curious. It consists of a broad
band of gold in the shape of a horse-shoe across the forehead, serving to
keep the hair back, and decorated at the sides with large oval rosettes
of the same metal. Above this is worn a cap or veil of rich lace, with
wings hanging down to the neck, while handsome earrings of gold and
precious stones complete this elaborate and picturesque headgear. The