378 Route 49. WADI HALFA. From Abu-Simbel
of Abahuda (Lepsius and Prokesch), after a village lying farther to
the S. The temple comprises a Hall with four clustered papyrus
columns, from which two side-chambers (without sculptures) open
on the right and left (S. and N.), and the Sanctuary, to which
several steps ascend in the back (E.) wall.
Among the reliefs on the walls of the Hall are the following. On the
left half of the Entrance Wall, Haremheb suckled by Anukis, beside whom
stands the ram-headed Khnum; on the right half of this wall is Harem¬
heb before Thout. On the N. Wall, to the left of the door, the king be¬
fore the ibis-headed Thout and four forms of the hawk-headed Horus
worshipped in Nubia; to the right of the door, Haremheb accompanied
by Set and Horus. The other reliefs are extremely indistinct. — On the
S. Wall (to the right of the door) is a Christian painting of St. George and
Coptic inscriptions. On the ceiling is a figure of Christ.
The Saracen fortress of Addeh (W. bank), sometimes called
Shataui, is named Mashakit by Champollion. In the mountains to
the S. of it are some almost inaccessible steles and a rock-grotto,
which is wider than it is deep. The grotto was constructed by an
official named Peser, who was governor of Ethiopia in the reign of
King Ey. Two-thirds of it are occupied by a broken seated figure
of a god. On the inner side of the entrance is the kneeling figure
of Peser before the goddess Anukis. On the walls we see King Ey
offering wine to Ammon, Ptah, three different forms of Horus, and
Satet. Then Peser appears again before Anubis, Sobk, and King
Usertesen III., who was revered as a god in Nubia.
On the rocky slope to the right of the entrance is an inscription,
with a prayer to the gods of the district, byKaza, son of a Thutmosis.
The hill of Shataui is the last spur on the E. bank of the range
of hills running close to the Nile from Ibrim, and presenting some
curious pyramidal formations. At this point the chain bends east¬
wards towards the desert. On the W. bank, however, the river is
still skirted by hills for a short distance farther. On this bank lies
Faras, perhaps the Phthuris of Pliny, round which are numerous
Roman remains and sculptures. Farther to the S. on the same bank,
above the island of Kargiu, is the village of Aksheh, with a few se¬
pulchral vaults and a small temple, in which Ramses II. worships
the god Ammon as well as his own deified person. Opposite Serreh
(E. bank), lie the ruins of a walled village, a little beyond which,
near Dibereh (E. bank), occurs a fine palm-grove. Above Eshkeh
(E. bank) are the tombs of the shekhs 'Omar and 'Ali. We next
pass the island of Dabros, with a village of the same name on the E.
bank, and finally reach Wadi Haifa, consisting of several settle¬
ments, and named after a kind of grass (Haifa) which is here com¬
mon. The present military station and stopping-place of the steam¬
boat is named Ankish. The village of Wddi Haifa proper lies ll/t M.
farther to the S. On the bank opposite Wadi Haifa lay the ancient
town of Beheni, with an early Egyptian fortress and several temples.
The North Temple, recently re-discovered by Capt. Lyons, was a
brick edifice dedicated to Ammon and to Horus of Beheni. It dates