Small Temple. ABU-SIMBEL. 48. Route. 377
*Temple of Hathor at Abu-Simbel.
This temple also was founded by Ramses II. It was dedicated
to Hathor and to Nefret-ere, consort of Ramses, while other deities
(Ammon and Horus) were also worshipped within it. The Fa¬
cade, rising close to the river-bank, is 90 ft. long but only 40 ft.
high. In recesses in it stand six Colossal Statues, 33 ft. in height,
four of which represent Ramses II., and the other two Nefret-ere.
Beside each of these are two smaller figures of the royal children:
beside the colossi of the queen are the princesses Meryl-Anion
(right) and Hent-tewe (left), both with sistra; beside the outer
colossi of the king are the princes Mery-Atum (right) and Mery-Re
(left); and beside the colossi of the king on the right and left of the
door are princes Amen-her-khopshef (right) and Ra-her-wnamf
(left). On the pillars of the niches are votive inscriptions. Over
the narrow Entrance Door Ramses II. is represented sacrificing to
Ammon, on the left, and Horus, on the right.
We now enter the Great Vestibule, the roof of which is borne by
eight pillars, decorated in front with sistra with the head of Hathor
(p. cxiii), while behind are representations of the king, the queen,
and various deities. On the left (S.) half of the Entrance Wall
Ramses, accompanied by his wife, smites a negro in presence of
Ammon-Re; on the right(N.) half he smites a Libyan before Horus.
Left (8.) Wall (from left to right): 1. Ramses before Hathor; 2. Ram¬
ses blessed by Set and Horus; 3. The queen before Anukis; 4. Ramses
presenting an image of Maat to Ammon. — Right (N.) Wall (from right
to left): 1. Ramses dedicating food to Ptah; 2. Ramses before the ram-
headed god Har-shef of Herakleopolis; 3. The queen before Hathor;
4. Ramses offering wine to Harmakhis. — Rear Wall. To the right of the
central recess, the queen before Hathor; to the left, the queen before Mut.
Three doors lead into a wide but shallow Chambbb,, the walls
of which bear reliefs of the king and queen before various deities.
On each side is a smaller chamber. In the rear-wall opens the
Sanctuary, with a figure of Hathor in the form of a cow, between
the legs of which appears the king. On each side are pillars with
heads of Hathor. On the Right Wall the queen offers incense to Mut
and Hathor; on the Left Wall the king offers incense and pours a
libation before his own image and that of his wife.
On the smoothed face of the rock beside this temple are several
49. From Abu-Simbel to the Second Cataract.
Comp. the Map, p. 353.
381A) M. About 3 M. above Abu-Simbel, near Feraig on the E.
bank is a small rock-temple, founded by King Haremheb (18th
Dyn.) and dedicated to Ammon-Re and Thout. This temple, which
was once used as a Christian church, is also sometimes called the
Temple of Gebel Addeh (Champollion), and sometimes the Temple