374 Route 48. ABU-SIMBEL. Great
of Psammetikh I., who had probably come thus far in persuit of fleeing
Egyptian soldiers. It runs as follows: —
BaeuXi-o? iX&dvTO? ^e'EXetpavxivov Vau.u.eTtvo
TauTa SYpon|'av ,T01 °"v y«iJLU.cT(xot roi 6>ioxXoe >
gitXeov ^X5ov Se Kipxio? xaTUicepSHv i? o icot«(jlo«
«vIt) akd-tXoaos S'-i^e IloTacJiu.TO, AlYUTtrioe Se "Ap-asic
iypa<fz 8«(iep "Ap^ov 'Au.oiptxou x°l IliXexoc Ou8au.ou.
In English: When King Psammetichus came to Elephantine, they
wrote this, who came with Psammetichus, son of Theokles (farther than
Elephantine) and proceeded via Kerkis as far as the river allowed of it.
Potasimto led the foreigners, Amasis the Egyptians. Archon, son of
Amoibichos, and Pelekos, son of TJdamos, wrote.
The Facade of the temple is crowned by a concave cornice, above
which is a row of 22 cynocephali. Within the cornice are the names
of Ramses II., surrounded by uraeus-serpents, and interrupted by
figures of Ammon (to the left) and Re-Harmakhis (to the right).
Then follows the dedication-inscription of the king to Ammon-Re
and Re-Harmakhis; it begins in the middle and runs in both direc¬
tions. In a niche above the entrance-door is a statue of Re-Har¬
makhis, with the sun- disc on his head, to the right is the goddess
Maat, and to the left the hieroglyph 'weser, thus expressing the
prsenomen of the king (Weser-ma-re). To the right and left the
king presents an image of Maat to his name thus expressed. On
the lintel of the door Ramses is shown performing certain ceremon¬
ies before Ammon and Mut, on the left, and before Re-Harmakhis
and the lion-headed Wert-hekaw, on the right.
At the S. corner of the facade is an Inscription of Ramses II. referring
to his victories. The relief shows the king offering wine to Ammon,
Harmakhis, and the hawk-headed Horus.
Providing ourselves with candles, or still better with a mag¬
nesium lamp, we now enter the rock-temple, the interior of which
measures about 180 ft., from the threshold to the back of the inner¬
most chamber. The first chamber, the Great Vestibule, corres¬
ponding to the open court with covered colonnades in temples
built in the open air, is 54 ft. broad and 58 ft. deep. The ceiling is
supported by eight square pillaTs, against which stand Osiris-figures
of the king (30 ft. high), holding the scourge and the crook.
The ceiling itself is adorned with flying vultures and the names
of the king. The reliefs on the wall, still vividly coloured, are
of great historical value. They are symmetrically arranged, so that
those referring to events in the N. of Egypt are placed on the
N. (right) side, those to events in the S., on the S. (left) side. On
the N. half of the Entrance Wall (PI. e) the king is shown grasping
a band of enemies by the hair and smiting them with his club, in
presence of the hawk-headed Re-Harmakhis, guardian-deity of
N. Egypt, who hands the curved sword to Ramses. Above the king
hovers a vulture and behind him is his guardian-spirit orKa. Beneath
are the king's daughters, with sistra. The S. half of this wall (PI. f)
is occupied by a corresponding scene, in presence of Ammon-Re,
guardian-deity of S. Egypt. Beneath are the king's sons.