to Abu-Simbel. DERR. 47. Route. 369
mon-Re and Re-Harmachis, besides whom Ramses himself and Ptah
of Memphis enjoyed divine worship. We first enter the much ruined
Great Hypostyle Hall, 42'/2 ft- deeP DV 46 ft. broad, the sides of
which were formed by the smoothed rocks of the hill. The roof was
supported by 12 square pillars in three rows. The back row has
colossal statues of Ramses II. against the pillars, while the two front
rows are now represented only by fragments a few feet in height.
Only the lower portion of the walls, the reliefs on which were of his¬
torical importance, is now standing.
On the left (N.) half of the Entrance Wall are traces of warlike scenes
with chariots and warriors. On the Right (S.) Wall are scenes from the
Syrian campaign of the king. In the upper row we see Ramses II. in his
chariot accompanied by a lion, conducting a group of captives before the
god; adjacent the king sacrifices to Ammon-Re. The lowest row shows
the king in his chariot launching arrows against his fleeing foes. We see
the fugitives conveying their wounded to the mountains, where a herds¬
man's family, surrounded by their cattle, wait in grief and anxiety. On
the Left (N.) Wall also are remains of several reliefs (from left to right):
1. Captives led before the king; 2. The king in battle; 3. The king ac¬
companied by several persons; 4. The king leads two rows of captives
before Re-Harmakhis. Rear (E.) Wall. To the left of the door leading
into the next room appears the king grasping a group of enemies and smit¬
ing them with his club, while the king's lion seizes a foe by the leg, and
the hawk-headed Harmakhis hands the king the sickle-shaped sword; to
the right the king presents an image of Maat to the ram-headed
Khnum. To the right of the door is the king smiting his enemies in
presence of Ammon-Re; to the left, above, the king offers wine to Ptah
and another god, below, he offers incense to Thout. At the foot of the
wall is a row of daughters of Ramses II., with their sistra.
The following Small Hypostyle Hall, almost square, is en¬
tirely hewn out of the rock. The roof rests upon six pillars, on which
are reliefs of the king before various deities. On the Right (S.) Wall
Ramses offers incense before the sacred boat of Harmakhis carried
by priests. On the Left (N.) Wall is a similar scene. The other reliefs
are of no special interest. A door in the middle of the rear-wall leads
into the Sanctuary, and doors to the right and left admit to small¬
er apartments. Four seated figures (in poor preservation) of the gods
worshipped in the temple occupy the rear-wall ot the sanctuary, viz.
(from left to right) Ptah, Ammon-Re, the king, and Re-Harmakhis
with the hawk's head. — Near this temple is a small rock-stele,
dedicated by the king's son Amenemheb, with the figure of a temple.
Beyond Derr the Nile valley again turns to the S.W. To the
right is the island of Tomds. Crocodiles now become more numer¬
ous, looking from a distance like tree-trunks or like huge frogs. At
Ellesiyeh (E. bank), also called ed-Duknesra, is a Rock Chapel of the
18th Dynasty. The representations on the walls show Thutmosis III.
in intercourse with various deities or sacrificing to them. Among
these deities is included King Usertesen III., who was worshipped
in Nubia as a god. An inscription here, of the 43rd year of Thut¬
mosis III., contains a poetical eulogy of that king; above, Thutmosis
appears on the left, presenting wine to Horus of Mem, and on the
right presenting milk to Satet, mistress of Elephantine.
Baedeker's Egypt. 4th Ed. 24