368 Route 47. 'AMADA. From Dakkeh
lars, arranged in three couples on each side, while behind is a row
of four proto-Doric (p. cxlix) columns. The pillars in the two outer
rows on each side are connected with each other by the side-walls
of the hall. The reliefs on the pillars and walls show Thutmosis IV.
in intercourse with the gods; and the votive inscriptions on the
pillars and architraves also date from that king. The columns are
embellished with perpendicular bands of inscriptions, containing
dedications by Thutmosis III. or Amenophis II. On the rear-wall
the king appears once more before the gods.
The following Chamber is broad but shallow (2472 ft- by 6V2)-
On the door-jambs Amenophis II. appears in prayer; and in the
thickness of the doorway is an inscription naming Sethos I. as the
restorer of the sanctuary. To the light on the inside of the Entrance
Wall is Thutmosis III. embraced by Isis, and then Amenophis II.
offering drink-offerings to Ammon-Re. On the left Thout and
Horus of Edfu pour the consecrating water, symbolized by the hiero¬
glyphs for 'life', over Amenophis II. Three doors in the back-wall
of this room lead into other apartments. The central one enters the
Sanctuaey, while doors to the right and left each admit into two
chambers of different sizes, one behind the other, the smaller cham¬
ber in each case being also accessible from the Sanctuary. The
reliefs in these rooms show the king (Thutmosis III. and Ameno¬
phis II.) engaged in various religious ceremonies. The traveller
should notice the carefully executed portraits of the three kings who
took part in the erection of the temple, Thutmosis III., Ameno¬
phis II., and Thutmosis IV.
On the back-wall of the Sanctuary is a Stele of great historical
importance. At the top is a relief of Amenophis II. presenting two
vessels of wine to Harmakhis and Ammon-Re; beneath is an in¬
scription of 20 lines, from the 3rd year of the reign of Amenophis II.,
recording the completion of the temple begun by Thutmosis III.
and the campaign of Amenophis II. in Syria. Among other details
the king records that he captured seven Syrian princes and hanged
six of them on the walls of Thebes and the seventh at Napata (on
the upper Nile).
3Y2 M. Derr, on the E. bank. Cook's tourist-steamer halts here
on the upward journey to permit passengers to visit the temple.
The village, prettily situated beneath sycamores and date-palms,
contains mud-houses. The one brick-building is the residence of
the Kashef, who was formerly independent ruler of Lower Nubia
and owned a large harem. Outside the town, about half-way to'the
hill, lies the mosque of a saint. The top of the hill commands an
attractive view of the town and the Nile. Near its foot lies the small
and unfortunately much injured Bock Temple of Derr. This was
known to the Egyptians as the ' Temple of Ramses in the House of
Re' (i.e. in Heliopolis-Derr). Tt was built by Ramses II., and, like
the other temples of this date in Nubia, was dedicated to Am-