47. From Dakkeh to Abu-Simbel.
Comp. the Map, p. 353.
97 M. — Above Dakkeh the Nile expands. At (3 M.) Korti,
on the W. bank, are the ruins of a small temple of the Roman
period, dedicated to Isis and Horus. Some blocks built into the
walls show the name of Thutmosis III., who erected a temple here,
now represented by its foundations. The island of Derdr (3 M. from
Korti) is passed on the right.
On the W. bank, opposite a dark mountain^peak, lies the Temple
dfOfedina, also called Temple of Maharaka, after the village oi Ma¬
haraka, whieh lies a little higher up on the E. bank. It dates from
the Roman period, but it was left unfinished and never fully decor¬
ated with reliefs; its Greek and demotic inscriptions show it to
have been dedicated to Serapis and Isis. The entrance-hall, ap¬
proached by a broad flight of 14 steps, is completely ruined; and
part of the walls of the Hypostyle, which was 40 ft. long and 50 ft.
broad, has fallen. The roof of the latter was supported by 14 un¬
finished columns, and of these 3 columns to the right and 2 to the
left of the entrance, besides 8 columns in the interior, still stand.
In the innermost corner, to the right, are traces of a staircase
leading to the roof. — A wall connects this temple with a smaller
square structure to the E., on which is a curious representation:
beneath a tree sits the goddess Isis, before whom is a boy with a jug
in his hands; above are three other gods. To the left of this scene is
Thout; beneath is Isis.
The route now lies between monotonous hills. At Seydleh we
reach the boundary between Wddi Kenus and the Wddi el-Arab,
which extends to Ibrim. At Mehendi, on the W. bank, are the well
preserved ruins of aRoman fortress, upon a steep hill. The moun¬
tains, especially on the E., become higher. At Medik is a pictur¬
esque group of hills with groves of palms. The river makes a wide
bend to the W., and we soon come in sight of the temple of Sebu'a,
27 M. from Dakkeh.
The Temple of Sebu'a.
Es-Sebu'a or Sebu'a (the lions) or Wddi Sebu'a, called by the
Egyptians Per-Amon ('House of Ammon'), is the site of a temple
dedicated to Ammon and Re-Harmakhis by Ramses II., and con¬
structed on the same plan as the temple at Gerf Husen (p. 360).
Ramses himself was also worshipped here as a god. The present
name of the place is apparently derived from the avenue of Sphinxes
leading to the temple. Eight of these sphinxes lay on each side, re¬
presenting the king as a lion with a human head. His name ap¬
pears on the breast of each. Only the two first arc perfect; a few
without heads lie behind. Beside the two first are two colossal
statues of Ramses II., IOV2 ft. high, placed against pillars. Statues
of the king, probably four in number (now destroyed), also stood in