364 Route 16. DAKKEH.
From Chamber B a staircase (PI. F), on the right, led to the roof
of the temple. The rear-wall (now fallen) ofthe chamber was adorned
with reliefs by Ergamenes. To the right of the door Ergamenes is
shown sacrificing before Osiris, Isis, and Horus, Ammon-Re, Mut
and Khons, Osiris, Isis, and Thout, and Tefnut. At the foot are Nile
gods. To the left of the door the king appears before Thout of Pe¬
nubs, Show, Arhesnofer, and other deities. On the lintel of the
door to the next Chamber fCJ are votive inscriptions of Ergamenes.
— Chamber C was built by Ergamenes and embellished with reliefs
showing him before various deities. One of these, in the second row
on the wall to the right, shows the king (Ergamenes) pouring out
wine for a god described as 'Pharaoh of Senmet' (Bigeh) and for
A small door in the E. (left) wall admits to a Chamber (PI. E),
built and adorned with reliefs in the imperial period. On the back
wall are two lions sitting facing each other; above them is a ba¬
boon worshipping the goddess Tefnut (in the form of a lioness). An¬
other door on the right of Room C leads to the staircase (PL F) as¬
cending to the roof of the temple. — The Last Room (PL D), named
the 'Roman sanctuary' by Champollion, was built in the imperial
period and was embellished with reliefs by an unidentified;emperor,
who appears in them before various deities.
On the E. bank, nearly opposite Dakkeh, lies the village of
Kubban, on the site of Contra Pselchis, a Roman military station.
The well-preserved brick girdle-wall here belonged to the Roman
camp, which was defended by ditches and towers. To the S. are
blocks with the names of Thutmosis III., Haremheb, Ramses II.,
and later Ramessides, and foundations of a temple of the Middle
Empire; still farther to the S., a stele of Amenemhet and the
foundations of a small temple of the 18th Dynasty. Adjacent is a
cistern, to the E. of which are several tombs of the Middle fcm-
pire, excavated in the ground. — According to Ptolemy, Pselchis
(Dakkeh) was situated opposite the village of Metakompso, probably
to be identified with the Egyptian Tekemso. Here ended the so-
called 'Dodekaschoinos', or territory of 12 schoinoi, a name given
by the Greeks to a Nubian district extending for 12 schoinoi above
Assuan, which was dedicated to Isis of Phils, who received a tithe
of the annual produce. .
From Kubban a route led through the extensive Wddt 'Oldkt to tne
numerous gold-mines there, which were worked until the middle ages.
Granite mortars and mills and other apparatus used in the search tor gold
are still to be seen, especially in the Wddi Khawanib.