to Dakkeh. DAKKEH. 46. Route. 36 J
Ptah and Sekhmet. In the reliefs above, the king is shown 1. offering
incense before Ammon-Re; 2. before Re; 3. before Atum; 4. offering in¬
cense to Ptah; 5. before Re; 6. before Thout.
In the Recesses on the Right (N.) Side (from left to right): 1. The
king between Khn^m and Anukis; 2. between Nefertem and Satet; 3. be¬
tween Horus, lord of Mem, and Isis; 4. between Harmakhis and Ews-os.
The reliefs above are partly destroyed.
On the Back Wall, to the right and left of the entrance to the next
room, are two large reliefs. To the left is the king before Ptah, before
the deified Ramses and the goddess Hathor, with the cow's head. To the
right, the king appears before Ptah in the form of a mummy, before
Ramses and Sekhmet.
The following Anteroom, about 36 ft. wide though only 17 ft.
deep, is entered by a small door, on the left side of which is the
king before Ptah. The ceiling is supported by two square pillars.
To the right and left lie two oblong chambers (see Plan, p. 360).
The walls and pillars of the vestibule are embellished with repre¬
sentations of the king in presence of various gods (including the
deified Ramses). At the back are three other chambers, the central
and largest of which is the Sanctuary. On the walls of this cham¬
ber are reliefs. On the left wall Ramses presents flowers to the
boat of Ptah; on the right wall, the king before the boat of Har¬
makhis. In the centre of the Sanctuary is an altar wrought out of
the rock. At the back is a recess with four seated figures, represent¬
ing (from left to right) Ptah, the deified Ramses, Ptah-Tetenen,
and Hathor with the cow's head.
On the left bank of the Nile, above Gerf Husen, are the consid¬
erable ruins of Sabagura. At the village of Kostamneh, on the E.
bank, are some ancient walls. Our course bends to the W. On the
W. bank we observe the ruins of a Roman fort, in the desert. We
proceed past granite crags to —
IOY2 M. Dakkeh, on the W. bank. [Cook's steamer halts long
enough to permit a visit to the temple.] Dakkeh is the ancient
Egypt. Pe-Selqe(t), 'House of Selqet', the Greek Pselkhis, near
which the Roman general Petronius defeated the Ethiopians in
23 A.D., on his campaign to Napata. Dakkeh possessed a temple
of Horus as early as the 18th Dyn.; the entrance faced the river
and various remains have been discovered. The embankment lead¬
ing to the N. from the pylon, in the axis of the present temple, in¬
cludes stones of earlier buildings of the time of Thutmosis III. and
Sethos I. The present temple, dedicated to Thout of Penubs, was
built by the Ethiopian King Ergamenes (the inner chamber C, comp.
PI. p. 362), Ptolemy IV. Philopator (Hall B), and Ptolemy IX.
Euergetes II. (the pronaos A), and it was completed by a Roman
The present Templb, situated in the desert, lies with its main
axis parallel to the river (i.e. running N. and S.), contrary to the
usual rule in Nubian temples. It stands upon a base about 6 ft. in