DENDUR. 46. Route. 359
gods of the cataracts; behind him is Isis with palm-twigs. On the
Rear Wall similar homage is paid to Ammon-Re. In the Recess on
the right the king sits between Khnum and Anukis, and in that on
the left between Horus and the cow-headed Isis. The colours of
these pictures are well-preserved. On the frame of the door leading
to the Sanctuary the king appears embraced by Satet (left) and by a
goddess without a headdress (defaced; right). — In the Sanctuary,
on the wall to the right of the door, Anukis offers her breast to the
king, on the left Isis does the same. On the left wall Ramses sacri¬
fices to Horus and Ammon-Re, on the right wall he receives the
symbol for 'life' from Khnum and offers incense to Ammon. The
scenes on the rear-wall are defaced; and the three figures in the
recess are now scarcely distinguishable.
46. From Kalabsheh to Dakkeh.
Comp. the Map, p. 353.
23!/2 M. On the voyage to (7 M.) Abu Hor (W. bank) we pass
between low rocky banks, causing rapids. Above Abu Hor vegetation
almost ceases and the scenery becomes desert. Near the village of
Kubosh, on the W. bank, are ancient Roman quay-walls with steps
and a nilometer. In the village is an insignificant little cave-chapel,
with some walls of masonry in front.—To the right appears the—
6 M. Temple of Dendur. The tourist-steamer spends the night
here, so that its passengers may visit the temple in the evening.
The edifice, dating entirely from Roman times, consists of a hand¬
some portal and of the temple proper, about 30 ft. farther back.
The portal stands upon a solid platform of masonry, 14 ft. high
and 95 ft. broad, and forms the entrance to the temple-precincts,
which were anciently enclosed by a wall. At the top is the winged
sun-disc, and within and on the front (E.) and back(W.) the portal
is the Pharaoh (probably the Emp. Augustus) sacrificing to various
gods, among whom appear the local deities Peteese and Pihor.
We pass through the portal and find ourselves in front of the
elegant facade of the temple, only 13 ft. wide, adorned with two
columns with rich floral capitals. In the middle of the architrave
is the winged sun-disc; and at the sides alternate the 'post' (en¬
durance), the amulet of Osiris, and the 'knot', the amulet of Isis.
The eyes of Horus are represented on the abaci of the two columns
as propitious symbols. — The temple is divided into three apart¬
ments arranged one behind the other. Of the two last only the
doors are sculptured. The first was used as a Coptic church; ;the
votive inscription is still to be seen in the recess of the door. A
door leads to the outside from the left side of the first apartment.
Behind the temple proper, which is only 42 ft. long, is a small recess
hewn in the rock of a quarry, and adorned on the outside. The N.
and S. outside walls of the temple are also sculptured.