at Thebes. LUXOR. 25. Route. 235
calyx-capitals, still support a heavy architrave above a lofty abacus.
The whole was built by Amenophis III., but Twet-ankh-Amon,
Haremheb, Sethos I., Ramses II., and Sethos II. have also recorded
their names upon it. The marvellous play of colour shown by this
colonnade with its deep, heavy shadows when the setting sun sheds
a rosy light upon the E. sky, is nowhere excelled. The walls of
the colonnade were embellished by Twet-ankh-Amon with reliefs,
representing the great festival celebrated at Luxor on New Year's
Day. On that day the sacred boats of the gods were brought by the
Nile from Karnak to Luxor, borne into the temple at Luxor, and
returned to Karnak in the evening. The procession is here depicted
in all its details , though unfortunately a large part of the reliefs
has perished with the ruined upper part of the walls. The series
begins at the N.E. corner of the colonnade and ends at the N.W.
The (second) Court of Amenophis III. (PI. C), which we enter
next, was 48 yds. long and 56 yds. bToad, and had double rows of
columns on three sides. The columns are clustered papyrus
columns with bud-capitals; the E. and W. rows, with the archi¬
trave, are in excellent preservation, and are specially effective as
seen from the river-bank.
Immediately adjoining this court is the Colonnaded Vestibule
(PL D), the roof of which was borne by 32 clustered papyrus-columns
arranged in 4 rows of 8. The reliefs on the E. wall show Ame¬
nophis III. before the gods of Thebes; at the foot of the wall are
personifications of the Egyptian nomes, bearing gifts. To the left
of the central axis of the hall stands an Altar, dedicated to the
Emperor Augustus, with a Latin inscription. A door in the centre
of the rear-wall admits to a smaller hall, which originally had eight
columns, and was converted into a Church (PI. E) in the Christian
period. The ancient entrance to the sanctuary-chambers has here
been altered into a kind of apsidal recess, bounded on the right and
left by two granite Corinthian columns. The fine ancient sculptures
were covered with whitewash and gaudily painted in the early
Christian style. At a few points the whitewash has peeled off, per¬
mitting the 'heathen' reliefs of Amenophis III. to become visible
Adjoining the 'church are two small rooms (PI. B and /), from one
of which (B) a door was broken through to another room (PI. K), orig¬
inally accessible only from the hypostyle hall. Rooms H and K may
possibly have been used as sacristies.
We now return to the hypostyle hall and bestow a brief glance
upon two small Chapels (PI. L and M), opening off it. One (L) was
dedicated to the goddess Mut, the other (M) to the moon-god Khons.
From PI. N a staircase (now destroyed) ascended to the upper story
of the temple.
We quit the temple by a door on the W. side of the hypostyle
hall, but re-enter it almost immediately, and pass through Rooms