234 Route 25.
generally known as the 'Epic of Pentaur'. It is continued on the
E. tower, where, however, the text is still concealed by rubbish.
On the front of each tower of the pylon are two large vertical
grooves for the reception of flag-staves, and above them are large
square apertures, which served both to receive the braces securing
the flag-staves and to admit light and air to the interior.
The portal between the towers is in a very ruinous condition.
The reliefs represent Ramses II. in presence of the chief deities of
the temple. The carvings, in tolerably high relief, in the doorway
date from the reign of the Ethiopian king Shabako.
Beyond the principal pylon lies the great Court of Ramses II. (PI.
A),which was entirely surrounded by a double row of papyrus-columns
(74 in all), with bud-capitals and smooth shafts. It measures 185 ft.
in length and 167 ft. in breadth. This hall was at one time completely
built up, but the W. side at least has now been laid bare. In the
N.W. corner, adjoining the W. tower of the pylon, lies an ancient
Chapel (PI. Th), built by Thutmosis III. and restored by Ram¬
ses II. It is raised upon a platform above the pavement of the
court, and contains three chambers, of which that in the centre was
dedicated to Ammon, that on the W. to Mut, and that on the E.
to Khons. On the side facing the court it had a small colonnade of
four clustered papyrus-columns in red granite.
The Walls of the court are covered with reliefs and inscriptions,
including sacrificial scenes, hymns to the gods, representations of
conquered nations, etc., most of which date from the reign of Ram¬
ses IT. Specially interesting is a relief on the S.W. wall, showing
the facade of the temple of Luxor, with the pylons and flag-staves,
the colossal statues, and the obelisks. On the E. and W. sides are
exits from the court.
The S. half of the court is farther embellished with standing
Colossi of Ramses II., placed between the columns in the first row.
These, with the exception of one in black granite, are wrought in
red granite and average 23 ft. in height. The finest (PI. a) stands
to the left (E.) and is 17!/2 ft- high; the crown, carved from a
separate block, has fallen off; on the pedestal and apron is the
name of Ramses II. On each side of the doorway leading to the
colonnade is another colossal figure of the king, S9ated with the
queen by his side. A mosque situated within this court prevents the
excavation of the E. wall, and considerably mars the general effect.
On the S. side this court was terminated by a massive wall,
beyond which, though not with the same axis (see above), is a
Colonnade (PI. B), 58 yds. long, built by Amenophis III. and en¬
closed by Twet-ankh-Amon. The colonnade is in tolerably good
preservation and contributes essentially to the dignified appearance
of the ruins of Luxor when viewed from the river-bank or still more
from the island crossed on the way to visit the monuments. of W.
Thebes. Seven coup'^ «f ™lnmns. nearly 42 ft. in height, with