at Tfiebes. LUXOR. 25. Route. 233
the pylon to the last and proceed from the road on the bank of the river
to the court of Amenophis HI. and thence through the colonnade to the
court of Ramses II., where we begin our inspection of the various cham¬
bers. Admission-tickets (p. xxii) must nofrbe forgotten. In the following
description, however, the pylon is mentioned first. A 'Notice explicative
des Ruines du Temple de Louxor' may be purchased at the Luxor Hotel.
In front of the principal Pylon (PL P) of the temple were
6 Colossal Statues of Ramses II., 2 sitting and 4 standing, of which
only the two sitting and the most W. of the others are now in posi¬
tion. The sitting figures are about 45 ft. in height. In front of the
central figures, though not quite symmetrically placed, rose two
Obelisks of pink granite, one of which (the W.) now adorns the
Place de la Concorde at Paris. This W. obelisk was smaller than
its E. neighbour which is still standing; and the ancient architects
endeavoured to counteract this inequality by giving the smaller
obelisk a higher base than the other, and placing it a little farther
forward. The inscriptions name Ramses the Pharaoh, with many
pretentious tides, as the founder of this gorgeous building- erected
in honour of Ammon in southern Opet. The faces of these obelisks,
like those of most others, are slightly convex, as the priestly archi¬
tects observed that a flat surface was apt to appear concave in a
Details supplied by the French engineers give a vivid idea of the
enormous weight that had to he handled in the erection of an obelisk,
although the Paris obelisk is comparatively small; considerably larger
obelisks are to be seen at Karnak. The W. obelisk of Luxor is 75 ft.
high, its base is 7l/2 ft. square, and its weight is upwards of 212 tons.
The exterior walls of the pylons of nearly every Egyptian temple
are adorned with representations referring to victories granted by
the gods of the sanctuaries to the royal builders. At Luxor these
representations refer to victories granted by Ammon to Ramses II.
The Reliefs en creux have suffered severely from the hand of time
and at several places are almost obliterated. They refer to the
campaign against the Hittites, which Ramses II. carried on in Syria
in the 5th year of his reign. On the Right (W.) Tower we see the
life and business of the Egyptian camp; to the left the king on his
throne holds a council of war with his princes, to the right is the
camp, fortified by the shields of the soldiers arranged side by side.
The scenes on the Left (E.) Tower plunge us into the battle; the
king in his chariot dashes against his foes who have surrounded
him, and launches his arrows against them. The field is covered
with dead and wounded, while the Hittites flee in wild confusion
to the fortress of Qadesh, whence fresh troops issue. Farther to the
left Qadesh, girt with water, appears, with the defenders on the
battlements watching the fight. Remote from the battle-field, to
the extreme left, the prince of the Hittites stands in his chariot,
surrounded by his guards, and 'feaTS before his majesty'.
Below the reliefs on the W. tower is a long poetical description
of the battle of O^desh, inscribed in vertical lines. This is now