222 Route 22. DENDERA.
row flights of steps descending from the temple-pavement and formerly
concealed by movable stone-slabs; others we enter by climbing or creep¬
ing through very narrow openings, sometimes low down, sometimes
high up close to the roof, but always in the inner wall of the temple
No. 4, easily entered from Room viii, and No. 7, from Room xiv,
are closed with doors, which the temple-keeper will open on request.
Good stone stairs lead to both, and no visitor should fail to visit
at least these two crypts. Magnesium wire or a lamp will be found
useful in examining the painted walls.
In Crypt No. 4, on the right wall of Room X (the second to the right),
is an interesting relief of King Pepy (6th Dyn.) kneeling and offerihg a
golden statuette of the god Ehy to four images of Hathor. All these statues,
whose dimensions are given, were probably kept in this crypt. On the
walls of Crypt No. 7, Ptolemy XHI. appears presenting gifts (chiefly orna¬
ments) to various gods.
We now return to the first antechamber, and ascend one of
the Staircases (p. 220), which lead hence to the roof of the temple.
The East Staikcasb, which ascends straight to the roof with easy
steps, is dark, being lighted only by a single opening in the wall. The
walls are embellished with reliefs of the ceremonial procession of the
priests with the images of Hathor and her fellow-gods at the great New
Year's Festival. The left wall presents us with a view of the procession
ascending from the lower rooms of the temple, the right wall shows it
descending. The priests are headed by the king; some of them wear
masks representing the lesser deities. After completing the circuit of the
lower rooms, the procession ascended to the roof of the temple, in order
that 'the goddess Hathor might be united with the beams of her father
Re' (the sun-god). — The West Staircase is a kind of spiral staircase,
with ten rectangular bends to the right, lighted by several windows, with
tasteful symbolical representations of the sun shining through them. On
the right wall are reliefs of an ascending procession, on the left wall,
reliefs of a descending procession. Halfway up this staircase passes a
small room (situated above the store-room adjoining the second ante¬
chamber), with three windows looking into the court. To the left, near
the top of the staircase, is another room.
We now reach the Temple Roof, forming a terraoe above
Rooms i-vu, the Wardrobe, and the adjoining, small roam. Caution
must be observed on account of the holes made in the roof to admit
light and air to the rooms below. At the' S.W. angle of the roof
stands a small open Pavilion, supported by 12 Hathor-columns.
Adjoining the E. half of the terrace are three rooms, situated above
the chambers to the left of the smaller hypostyle hall. The first of
these has no roof. The second, separated from the first by pillars,
formerly contained the famous Zodiac of Dendera (now in> the'
Bibliothequo Nationale at Paris), the only circular representation of!
the heavens found in Egypt. The remaining portion of the oeil-
ing shows two figures of heavenly goddesses. The third room is
very dark, being lighted only by an aperture in the roof. These
Tooms were all used in the worship of the slain and risen Osiris, as
curious representations and numerous inscriptions indicate. — On
the W. side are three corresponding rooms, situated above the
chambers to the right of the smaller hypostyle hall. On the S. and
W. walls of the terrace are door-shaped recesses.