to Keneh. KENEH. 21. Route. 217
his foe. The mode of wearing the hair and headdress, seen both
in this figure and that of Etew's wife, is unusual. Etew was a rich
man, possessing, according to the inscriptions, 2350 oxen. On
the left side of the rear-wall are several scenes from the private life
of the deceased. Cattle are being slaughtered, cooks are busy at
their work, etc. Above the door leading to the mummy-shaft we see
an unusually large table, adjoining which is a long but much dam¬
aged inscription. — The smaller tombs in the vicinity are less
interesting. Several Coptic inscriptions testify that anchorites found
retreats in these tombs during the Christian period.
Farther on we pass a fine mountain-mass, which looks especially
imposing by afternoon light, and see several thriving villages, often
situated close to the river. 388 M. Fdu (E. bank) is the Coptic
Phbow, where, at a large convent founded by Pachomius, the monks
of all the convents in Egypt used to assemble twice a year.
A little farther to the S., on the E. bank, lay Tabennesi, where Pa¬
chomius founded the first convent about the middle of the 4th century.
391 M. Deshneh, a railway and steamboat station, is situated on
the ruins of an ancient town.
410 M. Keneh (rail, and steamer station), the ancient Kaine-
polis, a town with 27,765 inhab., lies on the E. bank of a canal,
about 1 M. from the E. bank of the Nile. It is the capital of the
fifth Mudiriyeh of Upper Egypt, with 597 sq. M. in extent and a
population of 406,858. The town has post and telegraph offices and
contains several hotels (H6tel des Etrangers, Hdtel d' Alexandrie,
both kept by Arabs). Keneh has a special reputation for its Kulal
(pi. of Kulle), or cool porous water-bottles, and for other clay vessels.
Hundreds of thousands of these vessels are annually exported from
Keneh to Cairo and Alexandria in boats of a primitive but not un¬
practical description, constructed for the purpose. At the time of
the pilgrimage to Mecca Keneh presents a very lively scene, as it is
then frequented by large numbers of the participators in that great
religious picnic. The spiritual and material wants of the pious
Hedjddj are catered for by six spacious mosques, numerous coffee
houses, and a large number of places of amusement, among the at¬
tractions of which Egyptian dancing-girls are prominent.
Both the Three-Weeks and the Four-Weeks Tourist Steamers stop
at Dendera in ascending the river, the first halting 3 hrs., the second a
whole day. The mail-steamer also halts here for 2 hours in descending.
For a visit to the temple the steamboats moor at the bank opposite
Keneh. The distance to the temple (about 2 M.) is easily accomplished
in 1J2 hr. by the well-equipped donkeys standing in readiness. The visitor
should not fail to be provided with candles or (better still) a magnesium
lamp for exploring the crypts and other parts of the temple.
Dendera, the Tentyra of the Greeks, is one of the most ancient
and most famous cities of Egypt, and was the capital of the 6th