216 Route 21. KASR ES-SAIYAD. From Belidneh
cake; while various objects are made out of the hard rind. Its
timber and bast are also of considerable industrial value.
From Belianeh to Keneh the Nile valley lies almost due E. and
W. About 4 M. from the S. bank lies Samhtid, on ancient rubbish-
mounds. The Arabian Mts. approach close to the river.
373 M. Nag' Hamadeh (H6tel du Chemin de Fer, kept by Mari-
naki Freres) was the terminus of the railway until 1897 (p. 180).
The small cafe's near the harbour are not suited for ladies. A large
railway-bridge crosses the river here (see p. 180).
376 M. H6u (W. bank), at one of the sharpest bends in the
stream, is a large but miserable-looking village. It was the home
of Shekh Selim, who died a few years ago, at a very advanced
age, after sitting stark naked on the bank of the Nile for 53 years;
he was regarded by pious Moslems with great honour and was
deemed to possess great powers in helping navigation and barren
women. His grave here is covered with Arabic inscriptions and
votive gifts in the form of small boats. In the neighbourhood are
the scanty ruins of the ancient Diospolis Parva.
379 M. Kasr es-Saiyad (E. bank), a steamboat-station, is prob¬
ably the ancient Khenoboskion. Close to the bank is a steam-engine
for raising water. About Ufa M. to the S. are the tombs of princes
of the seventh nome of Upper Egypt under the 6th Dynasty. Don¬
keys, but no saddles, may be obtained, through the shSkh el-beled.
We first ride through a well-tilled district, cross a bridge over a
canal which waters the district, pass the village of Isba, and reach
the Arab hills. The ancient tombs, constructed of light-coloured
and unusually fine-grained limestone, now come in sight. The
large tomb situated farthest to the left is that of the nomarch Thauty.
The ceiling was left rough-hewn. Some of the small inscriptions
cut in the living rock near the entrance are in Coptic. The repre¬
sentations on the inside of the entrance-wall have been almost
wholly destroyed, but some ships may be distinguished to the
right of the door. On the right wall are figures bearing funereal gifts
and a large sacrificial table, with a list of the gifts. In the rear
wall are two niches. That to the right contains an image of the
deceased; from that to the left a mummy-shaft descends obliquely;
adjacent is a Coptic inscription. In the deeply recessed rear-wall
of the left side are four smaller niches, probably intended for the
coffins. This tomb also contains inscriptions of the Middle Em¬
pire, recording its restoration by a descendant of Thauty. — The
next tomb, farther to the right, is of even greater interest than the
one just described. It belonged to a prince named Etew. The tomb
is in the form of a rectangle, with the mummy-shaft opening in
the back-wall. The representation of Etew, to the left of the en¬
trance, is very lifelike and derives peculiar interest from the fact
that the grandees of the early period are seldom represented, as here,
in full military activity. Our hero lifts the arm vigorously to strike