214 Route 20. ABYDOS. Temple of Ramses II.
order the names of these objects of worship, with their homes, whom
Sethos has honoured with sacrificial gifts. In the centre of the right
wall a door leads into a narrow Passage, beyond which is a vaulted
stone staircase which leads to the hill at the back of the temple.
The Reliefs in the passage date from Ramses II. On the right wall
the king and a prince appear lassoing a bull. On the left wall Ramses
and a prince offer geese to Ammon and Mut; farther to the left five gods
are netting birds; Ramses paces out the precincts of the temple; Ramses
conducts four saored cows to Khons and King Sethos.
Another door in the Kings' Gallery (now built up) led to, a small
Chamber, the walls of which were adorned partly with paintings by Se¬
thos I., partly by reliefs 'en creux' by Ramses II. This chamber is now
almost entirely buried again.
The other rooms of this part of the building are all more or less
in, ruins. From the S. end of the kings' gallery we enter a kind of pe¬
ristyle Court, with seven columns, which was never completed. The
sculptures and hieroglyphics were sketched in colour under Sethos,
and only a few of them were afterwards finished as reliefs 'en creux'.
They represent Sethos sacrificing. The scenes in the lower row
depict the slaughter .and cutting up of sacrificial animals, purposes
for which this chamber was perhaps originally designed.
Adjoining this court are four unfinished rooms (PI. A, B, C, D). In
the three first the designs on the walls are merely sketched in; in D they
have been completed in colour. — Rooms E-I lie one story higher and
can be entered only from the outside. H and I are filled with rubbish,
E-G contain unfinished representations dating from the reign of Merneptah,
Returning now to the second hypostyle hall, we may pay a brief
visit to the Chamber which adjoins it on the left and was dedicated
to Ptah-Sokaris, god of the dead at Memphis. The roof is supported
by three columns without capitals (p. 211). The reliefs show Sethos
revering Sokaris and other gods. On the rear-wall is a fine relief,
representing the king in presence of Nefertem and Sekhmet, the
latter of whom has a remarkable lion's head.
Opening off this chamber are two small chapels, the vaulted ceilings
of which have partly fallen in. The chapel to the right was dedicated
to Sokaris, that to the left to Nefertem. On the right wall of the former
is a relief of Horus and Isis by the bier of Osiris, on whose mummy sits
a sparrow-hawk; on the left wall are Isis and Horus by.the bier of Osiris,
whose arm is raised.
A few minutes to the N. of the Temple of Sethos I. lies the
Temple of Bamses II., which also was dedicated to Osiris. It is in
a very ruinous state, but still presents many features of interest.
The ground-plan of a peristyle court (decorated with Osiris-columns
like the Ramesseum, p. 279), two halls, the sanctuaries beyond
them, and various other rooms can still be traced; but the average
height of the remaining walls is only 5-6 ft. The picture of ruin
presented to us here is all the more striking from the obvious pains
of the founder to make a costly and enduring monument. Net only
fine-grained limestone, but also red and black granite, sandstone,
and alabaster were used in its construction. The brilliantly painted
mural decorations i» tb« rear rooms are executed in delicate low