slightly superior, and the Italian steamers slightly inferior to the
others. In autumn and winter vessels bound for Egypt, and in spring
those returning westwards are apt to be crowded.
the time-tables of the Peninsular &• Oriental Steam Navigation Co. may
be -obtained in London at 122 Leadenhall St., E.C., or at 25 Cockspnr St.,
S.W.; and those of the Orient <fc Pacific Co. C Orient Line') at 5.Fenchurch
Avenue, E.C., or at 16Cockspur St., S.W. The North German Lloyd Co.
has agencies at 2 King William St., E.C. and 32 Cockspur St., S.W., and
the Navigazione Generate Italiana at 38 Fenchurch St., E.C. Those who pur¬
pose including Syria, Greece, and Constantinople in their Oriental tour
should also, before leaving home, write to the '■Administration des Services
des Messageries Maritimes, 16 Rue Cannebiere, Marseilles'' for a 'Livret des
Lignes de la Miditerranie ei de la Mer Noire'1, and to the ' Oesterreich-
ische Lloyd, Trieste1 for 'Information for Passengers by the Austrian
Lloyd's Steam Navigation Company'1 (published, in English). With the aid
of these time-tables, the traveller will have little difficulty in making out
his programme. See also 'Baedeker's Palestine and Syria' (sold at the book¬
shops of Alexandria and Cairo).
The Food, which is included in the first-class fare and usually in
the second also, is always abundant and of good quality. Wine is not
included in the fare except on board the French, Austrian, and Italian
steamers. Many travellers prefer the cookery on board the French and
Austrian steamers as being lighter and better suited to the climate than
that of the British vessels. Passengers who are prevented by sickness
from partaking of the regular repasts are supplied with lemonade and
other refreshments gratis.
The Steward's Fee , which the passenger pays at the end of the
voyage, is generally from 1/2 fr. to 1 fr. per day; but more is expected
if unusual trouble has been given.
The Baths provided for the use of passengers in the British and
some of the other vessels may be used without extra charge, but the
attendant expects a fee at the end of the voyage.
Tickets should never be taken at foreign ports through the medium
of commissionaires or other persons who offer their services, but the
traveller should, if possible, purchase them at the office in person. The
tickets bear the name of the passenger and the name and hour of depar¬
ture of the vessel. Eeturn or circular tickets (to Syria and Constantinople)
and family tickets for three or more persons are generally issued at a
reduced rate, but no reduction is made on the charge for food. A child
of 2-10 years pays half-fare, but must share the berth of its attendant;
for two children a whole berth is allowed.
Luggage of 150-220 lbs. is allowed to first-class, and of 86-135 lbs. to
Embarkation. Passengers should be on board an hour before the
advertised time of starting. At Marseilles, Trieste, and Brindisi the
vessels start from the quays, so that passengers can walk on board; but
at Venice and Naples passengers are conveyed to the steamers in small
boats, for which the charge at all the Italian ports is 1 franc or lira for
each person, including luggage. Good order is kept at these ports by
the police. Payment of the boat-fare should not be made until the
passenger and his luggage are safe on deck. Before the heavier luggage
is lowered into the hold, the passenger should see it properly labelled.
: All complaints should be addressed to the captain. On board the
foreign steamers a kind of military precision is affected, and questions
addressed to the officers or crew are apt to be answered very curtly.
Steamboats on the Suez Canal, see R. 14.
Railways. A network of railways constructed by the Egyptian
government now connects all the important places in Lower Egypt
but in Upper Egypt only places on the W. bank of the Nile as far
as Nag' Hamadeh, and thence to Assuan on the E. bank have rail-