The materials for the first edition of the volume on Lower
Egypt were mainly furnished in 1877 by Professor G. Ebers
of Leipsic. Among the contributions prepared for the
English version were those of the distinguished Egyptolo¬
gist, Dr. Samuel Birch. The volume on Upper Egypt, orig¬
inally published in 1891, was founded on material contributed
by Professor Ebers and Professor J. DUmiehen, revised and
augmented by Professor August Eisenlohr of Heidelberg,
who twice visited Egypt for this purpose. The present com¬
bined edition has been completely revised and for the most
part re-written by Professor Georg Steindorff of Leipsic,
who devoted a journey to Egypt in 1895 mainly to this
object. To Dr. Borchardt of Berlin (at present in Cairo) the
Editor is obliged for several valuable contributions to the
description of Lower Nubia.
The Maps and Plans have been the object of the Editor's
special care, and five additional maps appear in the present
edition. All are based upon the most recent material avail¬
able, and have been revised by Prof. Steindorff.
Ancient Egyptian names are transliterated on the system
indicated at p. cxxiii. Arabic names have been specially
revised by Professor Socin of Leipsic.
Hotels, etc., see p. xxxn. Hotels which cannot be ac¬
curately characterized without exposing the Editor to the risk
of legal proceedings are left unmentioned.
To hotel - proprietors, tradesmen, and others the Editor
begs to intimate that a character for fair dealing and cour¬
tesy towards travellers forms the sole passport to his com¬
mendation, and that advertisements of every kind are strictly
excluded from his Handbooks. Hotel-keepers are also warned
against persons representing themselves as agents for Bae¬