to Sinai. WADI HEBRAN. 10. Route. 507
at'cend a gradual slope with a saline soil to the Vmm Sa'ad, where
a spring of fresh water affords support to a few families. The
waterskins should be filled here, and a supply of dates purchased, as
the desert of El-Kd'a, 6 lrrs. in width, has now to be traversed. We
follow the road of'Abbas Pasha, which, though sometimes covered
with sand on the low ground, is always sufficiently marked to in¬
dicate the direction to the Wadi Hebran. For the first hour or two
we pass a number of dum-palms, but these also at length disappear.
A single seyal-tree stands about halfway, but otherwise we aTe sur¬
rounded by the hot desert, which is at first covered with fine sand,
afterwards with rubble, and at length with enormous blocks of stone
in the vicinity of the precipitous mountains. The Wadi Hebran
is reached about sunset. At the point where it issues from the
mountains it is a deep and very narrow rocky ravine. A rocky re¬
cess close to the entrance affords quarters for the first night.
2nd Day. The route through the Wadi Hebran winds consider¬
ably ; the formation is granite, in which syenite predominates; it
contains thick veins of hornblende, slate, greenstone, and various
kinds of basalt. The volume of the brook varies according to the
season ; its banks are bordered with vegetation. The path , which
is comparatively good, and passes a number of Sinaitic inscriptions,
was to have been converted into a carriage-road by 'Abbas Pasha,
but his plan was never earned out. After l3/^ hr. the valley di¬
vides, and the road of 'Abbas Pasha leads to the N. At a second
bifurcation (3/4 hr.) the valley expands, and in y2 hr. more we
reach a clear and abundant spring, but disagreeably warm. The
tarfa bushes and palms here form an impenetrable thicket. Water
now disappears (10 min.), the vegetation becomes scantier, and
we proceed to cross the precipitous Nakb el-'Ejjdwi (3300 ft.).
Our quarters for the second night are near the Wddi Seldffo. 490).
On the third day we reach the direct route leading from Mt. Ser¬
bal to the Nakb el-Hawi, etc. (see p. 491).
'Akaba will be visited by scientific travellers only (5-6 days'journey).
The first day from the monastery of St. Catharine is generally short on
account of the late start. — On the 2nd Day the watershed between the
Gulf of Suez and that of 'Akaba is crossed, and the Wddi Sa'l traversed.
Beyond the Wddi Marra the route is not easily found, even by the Be¬
duins, until after 2 hrs. we reach a sandy plain extending to the foot of
the Jebel et-Tih. After 4 hrs. we pass the 'Ain el-Khadra, a spring with
a few palms, lying to the right, probably the Biblical Hazeroth. After
having passed through a narrow defile, we proceed to the N.E. by a
sandy path, enter the plain of El-Ghdr, traverse the spurs of the Tih
chain, and reach the Wddi Ghazdl, with its steep slopes of sandstone. The
night is passed in the Wddi er-Ruwehibiyeh. — 3rd Day. Beyond the
wadi expands a plain of sandstone, varied with granite and diorite. In
2','2 hrs. we reach the broad Wddi Samghi, quit it (13/4 hr.), turn towards
the N.E., and traverse huge masses of rock and slopes by a gradually
narrowing path. The narrowest part is called El-Buweb, 'the little gate'.
The path, which now expands and is covered with gravel, gradually ap¬
proaches the Bed Sea, or rather the beautiful, bluish green Gulf of'Akaba.
In another hour we come to the good spring of Et-Terrdbin, bordered
with palms. The night is spent on the sea-shore. — 4th Day. The route