The present volume is the second of a series of Hand¬
books for the East now in course of preparation, and de¬
signed, like the Editor's European handbooks, for the guid¬
ance of travellers.
The materials from which the Handbook for Zmver Egypt
has been compiled were partly furnished by Professor
G. Ebers of Leipsic, while articles on special subjects, as
well as many additions and emendations, have been contri¬
buted by a number of other writers. The Editor is specially
indebted to Professors R. Lepsius (who amplified and re¬
vised the Sinai Routes), H. Kiepert, P. Ascherson , and
C. B. Klunzinger of Berlin; to Dr. G. Schweinfurth,
Franz Bey (for the remarks on Arabian architecture), Dr.
Reil (for information respecting Cairo and its environs),
Dr. A. Spitta, librarian to the Khedive, of Cairo, etc. To
several English gentlemen who have contributed a number
of valuable corrections and suggestions, and particularly to
the distinguished Egyptologist, Dr. Samuel Birch, the Edi¬
tor also begs to tender his grateful acknowledgements.
The Editor has also repeatedly visited Lower Egypt for
the purpose of obtaining the most recent practical infor¬
mation , of the kind most likely to be useful to travellers.
As, however, a tour in the East is attended with far greater
difficulty than in Europe, and sources of information are far
less abundant, the Handbook must necessarily contain many
imperfections, and the Editor will therefore gratefully avail
himself of any communications which his readers may kindly
contribute, as many of them have so generously done in the
case of his European handbooks. As Oriental life and scenery
differ widely in many respects from European, and can hard¬
ly be appreciated without some previous study, the Editor
has endeavoured to supply the traveller with all the most
necessary preliminary information, believing that it will be
acceptable to most of his readers, although somewhat beyond
the province of an ordinary guide-book.
The second volume of the present Handbook, embracing
Upper Egypt and the Nile, and chiefly from the pens of Pro¬
fessor G. Ebers of Leipsic and Professor J. Dumichen of
Strassburg, will probably be published during the present year.
The Maps and Plans have been an object of the Editor's
special care, as he knows by experience how little reliance