Royal Library. BRUSSELS. 12. Route. 77
pleted by Montoyer in 1785. Above the portico are statues of Moses
by Olivier, and David by Jansseiis. The tympanum contains a fresco,
by Portaels, representing the Virgin as the comforter of the afflicted
(1852). The interior contains, to the right and left of the choir,
allegorical figures of the Old and New Testament, by Godecharle.
In front of the church rises the equestrian *Statue of Godfrey
de Bouillon (PI. 60), the hero of the first Crusade, grasping the banner
of the Cross in his right hand, probably the finest modern Belgian
work of the kind, designed by Simonis. It was erected in 1848, on
the spot where, in 1097, Godfrey is said to have exhorted the
Flemings to participate in the Crusade, and to have concluded his
appeal with the words 'Dieu li volt' (God wills it).
Opposite is the Montagne de la Cour, which contains several of
the most attractive shops in Brussels, and through which, in spite
of its steepness, passes a constant stream of omnibuses, carriages,
and other vehicles (comp. p. 95). — To the S.W., between the
palace of the Count of Flanders and the new Palais des Beaux Arts,
diverges the Rue de la Regence (p. 88).
The archway in the W. angle of the Place Royale leads to the
oblong Place du Muskk (PL D, 4), the right side of which is flank¬
ed by the hotels and restaurants mentioned at pp. 65, 66, while to
the left rises the Royal Library (PL 5), with a court facing the
street and separated from it by a railing. In the court is a statue in
bronze (by Jehotte, 1846) of Duke Charles of Lorraine (p. 70). Be¬
hind the statue is the entrance to the Library.
The Library consists of six departments: (1) Printed Books;
(2) MSS. ; (3) Engravings, Maps, and Plans; (4) Coins and Medals;
(5) Offices; (6) Periodicals.
The Department of the Printed Books (300,000 vols.) is in the left
wing of the Palais de l'lndustrie. The nucleus of the coltection was the
fibrary of a M. van Huithem, purchased by the state in 1837 for 315,000 fr.,
and incorporated with the old municipal library. The Library Hall (10-3;
in summer 10-4; closed during Passion Week I contains a series of portraits
of the sovereigns of the country down to Maria Tiieresa and Joseph II. In
a cabinet here are exhibited some beautiful Chinese drawings. The Cham¬
bers grant an annual subsidy of 60-65,000 fr. for the support of the Library.
The Department of the MSS. consists chiefly of the celebrated Biblio-
theque de Bourgogne, founded in the 15th cent, by Philippe le Bon, Duke
of Burgundy, and contains about 12,000 MSS., comprising many of great
value. It is especially rich in missals, some of which are illuminated
with beautiful miniatures of the old Flemish school. Worthy of notice
are: the missal of the Dukes of Burgundy, by Atlavnnle (if Florence (14S5),
afterwards in possession of JIatthew Corvinus, King of Hungary; the
chronicles of Hainault in seven folio volumes with miniature illustra¬
tions, and an illustrated title-page (the author Jacques dc Guise presenting
his work to Philip the Good), ascribed, though without sufficient grounds,
to Roger van der Weyden; and a copy of Xenophon's Cyroptedia, used I •>'
Charles the Bold. Also, 'Pardon accorde par Charles V. aux Gaii/m's"
(p. 40) of 1540, MSS. as far back as the 7th cent., playing-cards manu¬
factured at Uhn in 1594, autographs of Francis I., Henri IV., Philip 11.,
Alva, Luther, Voltaire, Rubens, etc. Most of the books in the Burgun¬
dian Library are bound in red morocco. The most valuable MSS. have
twice been carried away to Paris by the French.