History. BRUSSELS. 12. Route. 69
Collections, Museums, etc.: — Armour and Antiquities at the Porte de
Hal (p. 100), daily 10-3, Mon. 1-3.
Bibliotheque Royale (p. 77), daily 10-3, in summer 10-4.
Botanical Garden (p. 98), daily till dusk; admission to the hot-houses
by payment of a fee, 10-12 and 2-4 (not on Sundays).
Exchange (p. 96), daily; business-hours 1-3 p.m., corn-exchange later.
Ildtel de Ville (p. 92); interior best seen before 9 a.m. or after 4 p.m.
Musie Wiertz (p. 99), daily 10-4.
Natural History Collection (p. 88), daily 10-3.
Palais des Acadimies (frescoes in the hall; p. 73), daily; 50c.
Palais Arenberg (picture-gallery, p. 89), shown on week-days, 10-4,
in the absence of the Duke; visitors write their names in a book at the
porter's lodge (strangers are sometimes admitted when the Duke is at
home on sending in their cards); fee 3-5 fr.
Palais Royal (p. 72), shown in absence of the King only, and by
special permission of the 'marechal du palais', or minister of the household.
Picture Gallery (p. 78), daily 10-3, 4, or 5.
Pictures, see also Musee Wiertz, Palais Arenberg, Palais Ducal.
Principal Attractions: Park (p. 72) and its environs ; Congress Column
(p. 74); Cathedral (p. 74); Museum (p. 78); Palais de Justice (p. 90);
Market-place and Hotel de Ville (p. 92); Mannikin Fountain (p. 94); Rue
Neuve (p. 95) and Martyrs' Monument (p. 96); the new Boulevards and
Exchange (p. 96); Galerie St. Hubert (p. 94), in the evening by gas-light;
Musee Wiertz (p. 99); Antiquities at the Porte de Hal (p. 100); Drive
in the Bois de la Cambre (p. 103).
Brussels, the capital of Belgium, the residence of the royal
family, and the seat of government, is situated nearly in the centre
of the kingdom, on the small river Senne, a tributary of the Schelde.
The city consists of the lower part on the N.W. side, traversed
by several canals and ramifications of the Senne, most of which
are now vaulted over, and the upper part on the S.E. side, covering
the slope which gradually rises from the river. In 1882 the popu¬
lation was 166,350, or including the ten suburbs (named from
the N. towards the E., Schaerbeek, St-Josse-ten-Noode, Etterbeek,
Ixelles, St. Gilles, Cureghem, Anderlecht, Koekelberg, Molenbeek-St-
Jean, Laeken) 388,781. There are upwards of 6000 English resi¬
dents. Most of the latter reside in or near the Quartier Leopold
(p. 99), the highest and pleasantest part of the town. The commerce
of Brussels is comparatively small in extent, but its manufac¬
tures of lace (p. 67), furniture, bronzes, carriages, and leather
articles are very important.
The chronicles of the 8th cent, make mention of a village named
'Brncsella' (broek, marsh ; broeksele, dwelling on the marsh), and a
document of Otho the Great proves that there was a church here in
966. In the 11th cent, the town was considerably extended and
surrounded by walls, and soon became an important station on the
great commercial route between Bruges and Cologne. The princes
and nobility erected their mansions on the heights rising gradually
from the Senne, among them the Counts of Louvain, the sovereign
lords of the country, who afterwards assumed the title of Dukes of
Brabant (12th cent.). The Burgundian princes, who subsequently
resided here (15th cent.), were generally surrounded by a large re¬
tinue of French knights, in consequence of which, even at thatperiod,