58 Route 11.
above; Cafe du Grand Hotel, to the right of the Hotel de Lille; Bellevue,
in the Grande Place; Cafe du Boulevard, corner of Rue Nationale and
Boulevard de la Liberte. — Taverne de Strasbourg, in the Grande Place.
Cabs: per drive l3/4 fr., per hr. 2 fr., each succeeding hr. l3/iir.
Post Office (PI. 28; E, 3), Boulevard de la Liberte, near the Prefecture.
English Church. Resident chaplain.
Lille, originally L'Isle, Flem. Ryssel, the capital of the French
De'partement du Nord, with 178,000 inhab., formerly belonged to
Flanders, but was taken by Louis XIV. in 1667, and was finally
awarded to France by the Peace of Utrecht in 1713. It is a fortress
of the first class, and is situated in a well-irrigated and fertile plain
on the Deule, a navigable river with which numerous canals are
connected. In 1856 the population numbered 78,000 souls, but it
has more than doubled since the extension of the fortifications in
1858. Since that period numerous handsome streets and squares
have sprung up, particularly on the S. side of the town, to the
right of the station. Lille is a very important manufacturing place.
Its staple commodities are linen and woollen goods, cotton, cloth,
machinery, oil, sugar, and chemicals.
Leaving the station (PL F, 3), we proceed in a straight direction
to the Theatre (PL 29 ; E, 3), turn to the left through the Rue des
Mameliers, passing the Bourse (PL 5), the court of which contains
a bronze statue of Napoleon I. by Lemaire (1854), and soon reach the
Grand' Place, a Column in the centre of which commemorates the
gallant defence of the town against the Austrians in 1792. On the
side of the Place opposite the Rue des Mameliers rises the —
Hdtel de Ville (PL 23; E, 3), erected since 1846 in the Re¬
naissance style, and containing the Bibliotheque Communale (open
daily), a valuable *Picture Gallery, and a * Collection of Drawings,
the last of which is the most important in France after that of the
Louvre. The collections are on the 2nd floor, and are open to the
public daily, 10-5 in summer, and 10-4 in winter (Tues. 2 to 4 or 5).
Entrance on the left side of the building, where a staircase ascends.
Catalogue of the picture-gallery lVifr.; of the drawings l3/4fr.
Boom I. Italian Schools. To the left, 830. After Raphael, Madonna
with the fish (original at Madrid); above, 487. Blanchet, Copy of Raphael's
fresco of the Battle of Constantine, in the size of the original (1746);
98. Paolo Veronese, Martyrdom of St. George; 450. Tintoretto, Portrait of
a Senator; 829. After Raphael, Holy Family (original in the Louvre);
500. Andrea Schiavone, Esther before Ahasuerus; 650. L. Zustris (of Am¬
sterdam , a pupil of Titian), Christ appearing to Mary Magdalene after
his resurrection; Jac. Bassano, 420. Crown of Thorns, 422. Peasant wed¬
ding; Allori, Madonna and Child with the young John the Baptist, the
composition by Andrea del Sarto; 516. Andrea del Sarto, Same compo¬
sition. — 117. Cignaroli (Verona, d. 1770), Death of Rachael; 649. Zustris,
Judith. — 414. Piazetta (Venice, d. 1754), Assumption; 545. After Andrea del
Sarto, Madonna and Child, with four angels; 423. Leandro Bassano, Christ
driving the money-changers from the Temple; 354. Mignard, Punishment
of Midas, on a gold ground; 310. Lanfranco, Pope Gregory the Great;
824. Ricci, Last Supper; <233. Dom. Ghirlandajo, Madonna and Child, a
finely-executed school-piece; '179. G. Dughel, surnamed Poussin, Scene in
the Campagna. 486, 4S8, 489. Copies of the frescoes of Raphael in the
Vatican, size of the originals.