ALINGSAS. 46. Route. 289
Gustavus Vasa and Charles IX. The work was at length begun by the
engineers Svedenborg and Polhem under Charles XII. (1716), and continued
by Wiman (1753). They tried to construct locks to pass the Trollhatta
Falls (comp. p. 295), but a dam they had built to protect their works was
destroyed by floating timber in 1755. Nothing more was done till 1793
,Whoo»? comPany was formed to construct the 'old locks' of Trollhatta
(p. 284). The E. branch of the canal is chiefly due to Daniel Thunbera
and Baron von Platen. The latter (d. 1829) set on foot the Gota Canal
Company (1810), and lived to see the greater part of the work completed
The engineer was Thomas Telford, a Scot. The whole route from Goten¬
burg to Mem on the Baltic (385 Kil.; canal 89 Kil. only, 10 ft. deep) was
opened in 1832. There are 58 locks in all, five being used for regulating
the water in the canal. About 5000 vessels pass through the canal annually.
From Lake Venern to Lake Viken the canal mounts 154 ft.
more by means of twenty locks (9 near Sjotorp, 2 on the way to
Norrqvarn, 9 at Hajstorp). To Tbreboda the steamer takes 5i/2 hrs.;
the canal is crossed here by the Gotenburg and Stockholm Railway
(p. 290). Near Vassbacken is the estate of Fimmersta on the right.
Farther on, a memorial stone to the right marks the highest point
of the Gota Canal (300 ft. above the sea). We steam at the same
level to Lake I7fcen(173/4 sq.M.; 82 ft. deep), and enter it through
a lock. In the distance, at the S. end of the lake, lies the manor
of Ryholm. At stat. Forsvik a lock leads into the Bottensjb, S.W.
of which rises the fortified Vaberg. Rbdesund (Kanal-Hot.), 1 hr.
from Forsvik, beautifully situated on a peninsula in Lake Vettern,
is the station for the fortress of Karlsborg(Hotel), the terminus of
the branch-line to Skofde (p. 290). The voyage across the lake to
Vadstena or to Motala takes 2 hrs. (see pp. 294, 295).
45. From Gotenburg to Katrineholm (and Stockholm).
A„ 458KmV. *° St?Mo1™: Express in 10-11 hrs.; the slow trains take two
?„y/' 7- ■ 1hv wish t0 see Lake V'ttern go by rail from Falkbping
to Jonkoping, and by steamer thence to Motala (p. 295).
Gotenburg, see p. 278. To Olskroken, where few trains stop
see p. 283. The line turns to the right into the valley of the Sdfveat
and crosses the stream several times. 15 Kil. Jonsered, prettily sit¬
uated on the Aspen-Sjb, with cotton-factories; 27 Kil. Floda at
the W. end of the Flodasjb, near the old hunting-lodge of Ndas
now a school of handicrafts (Slbjdldrare-Seminariet). Farther on'
an embankment; then a long cutting through the Krbsekulle.
46 Kil. Alingsas (210 ft.; Stads-Hot), with 4130 inhab. and
large weaving-factories, prettily situated near the influx of the
Safvea into Lake Mjbrn, was founded in 1611 by refugees from
Lodose, which the Danes had destroyed.
The train crosses the river several times. 60 Kil. Lagmansholm.
Ihen dreary moors (Svdltor, 'famine-lands').
80 Kil. Herrljunga (381 ft.; "Rail. Rest.; HerrljungaHot.,5 min
from stat., good), junction of branch-lines N.W. to Venersborg and
lddevalla(Vip. 285, 104), and S., by Boras, to Varberg (p. 277).