^586 Route 44. VENERSBORG. FromGotenburg
island with the wooded Gullb, the N. end of which overlooks the
Guild-Falls, 23 ft. high, and the river above them. The dam for
the new power-station is being constructed here.
Beyond Trollhattan the railway crosses the Gota-Elf, but the
falls are notvisible from the train.
82 Kil. Oxnered (Jernvags-Hot, by the station; Stads-Hot,
Y4 hr. from it) is the junction of the Bergslagsbana (p. 283), which
goes on to Mellerud (for Christiania), Kil, and Falun (p. 364),
with the Uddevalla (p. 104), Venersborg, and Herrljunga line.
Afternoon trains stop here for dinner. Change for Venersborg(4 Kil.),
to which, if the train does not suit, we may drive. Rail and road
cross the Vassbotten ('reedy hollow'), a small bay of Lake Venern.
86 Kil. Venersborg (Stads-Hot, 1/4 hr. from the station, with
restaur., good; Strbmsborg, a popular garden), a widely-built town
with 7150 inhab., at the S. end of Lake Venern, lies on the N.
end of an island bounded on the W. by the Vassbotten, S. by the
Karlsgraf, and E. by the Gota-Elf, the effluent of the lake. The
Karlsgraf forms part of the Gota Canal, constructed in order to
avoid the fall of the Gota at Rannum (see below), and has two
locks at Brinkebergs-Hulle, il/2 Kil. S. of Venersborg.
On the left bank of the G6ta-Elf, S.E. of Venersborg, rise the
steep wooded Halleberg (545 ft.) and the Hunneberg (486 ft.), with
lakes and moors on their plateaux, and stocked with elks (royal
From Venersborg to Herrljunga, 65 Kil., Railway in 2-3 hrs. The
train soon crosses the Gota-Elf, which here has a fall of 19 ft., and runs
past (5 Kil.) Rannum, and between the Halleberg and the Hunneberg, to
(10 Kil.) Lilleskog, prettily situated at the foot of abrupt diorite cliffs
(p. 287). Close by the station is an old circular Thingstade, for popular
meetings, with upright stones. To the left lies the Dettern, a bay of Lake
Venern. — 37 Kil. Hakontorp, junction of narrow-gauge lines to Tomleberg
and to LidkSping, see p. 283); Vara (Jernvags-Hot.), junction for Goten¬
burg and Gossater (p. 283); 65 Kil. Herrljunga, p. 289.
From Venersborg by Steamboat on Lake Venern and the
W. Gota Canal to Karlsborg on Lake Vettern.
Steamboat (Kom. 320) in the direction of Stockholm 5 times weekly
(once by Lidkbping, Hellekis, and Mariestad; also 5 times in the reverse
direction, down the Trollhatta Canal to Gotenbure): to Motala (p. 295) in
28-36 hrs.; fares 16.50, 13.75 kr., with separate cabin; 11 kr., with berth
in saloon (to Stockholm in 56-64 hrs.). The W. Gota Canal (W. of Lake
Vettern) is inferior in scenery to the E. Gota Canal. Most travellers will
visit the latter only, as the voyage all the way from Gotenburg to Stock¬
holm (60-70 hrs.; 30, 20, 12 kr.), though pleasant and restful in fine
weather, is a little tedious. The food on board is good: tea or coffee
with bread 35 o., Smorgasbord 1 kr., with a hot dish I74 kr., D. 2-272 kr. —
Maps, with description, to be had on board (l-l'/a kr.).
Lake Venern (145 ft.), 2150 sq. M. in area, and 292 ft. deep, is
the largest fresh-water lake in Scandinavia. Like Lake Vettern, it
belongs to a prehistoric arm of the sea, which once separated Skane