244 Route 36. KARESUANDO.
to avoid the Sautzofosse, the rapids in the lower part of the river.
On the calmer upper course we row up to —
Kautokeino (867 ft.; quarters at the Landhandler's, or at the
Lensmand's), a settlement of Lapps and a few Finns, mostly absent
in summer, with a church and parsonage. The inside of the village-
well is coated with ice. Birches thrive, but not pines.
From Kautokeino to Karesuando (about 100 Kil.), two days.
We either ride or row up the Alten-Elv to (14 Kil.) Mortas. Thence,
by Postgamme, to the frontier between the Norwegian Amt of Fin-
marken and the Russian principality of Finland, 44 Kil. more.
Beyond the frontier of Finland, a strip of which, 30-40 Kil. broad,
runs for about 120 Kil. between Norwegian and Swedish territory,
we pass (11 Kil.) Syvajarvi. A ride of 28 Kil. more brings us to the
Muonio-Elf, 130 yds. broad, the boundary between Finland and
Sweden. We then cross the river to —
Karesuando (1037 ft.; Inn), the first village in Sweden, with a
church. Barley is grown in the vicinity.
From Karesuando toMuoniovara (about 100 Kil.), in one day
by boat down the Muonio-Elf. The trip is interesting, and the
passage of the rapids is free fiom danger. It is usual to hire a boat
and rowers to Muonio-Niska ('beginning of the Muonio') on the Fin¬
land side, or to Muoniovara (good quarters) on the Swedish side;
but a fresh boat may be engaged at each station: 20 Kil. Kutlainen;
20 Kil. P&lojuensun; 30 Kil. Ketkisuvando (12 Kil. beyond which
are seen the first pines); 20 Kil. Rdsteranta; 10 Kil. Muoniovara.
(761 ft.), prettily situated, with corn-fields.
From Muoniovara to Haparanda (365 Kil.), also by boat, first
on the Muonio, then on the Tornea-Elf. The rushing Muoniokoski,
a cataract 2 Kil. long, is audible at Muoniovara, !/4 hr. distant. The
descent is exciting (2 kr. to the 'fors-styrman'). The foaming river
careers wildly through a narrow gully and over sunken rocks.
The boat from Muoniovara to Ruskola (see p. 394), manned by
three boatmen, holds two passengers only, and costs about 80 kr.
We descend a series of other cataracts and rapids. The voyage (about
280 Kil.) takes 21/2-3 days. Good quarters, at Kihlangi, Kengis Bruk
(iron-works), Pello, and Matarengi, with Ofver Torwea and Mt. Ava-
saxa (p. 394), on the Finnish side.
Between the station of Ldppea (406 ft.) and that of Kengis Bruk,
1 hr. below it, the Muonio falls into the Tornea-Elf. Near Pello
(266 ft.) is the Kittis, a hill associated with the memory of Mauper-
tuis, who directed the geometrical measurements here in 1736. —
From Matarengi, where it is usual to land, to Haparanda, see p. 394.
From Lappea we may travel by land instead of by water.