NUPPIVARRE. 36. Route. 243
the boundary between Norway and Russia. The Russian chapel of
Boris-Gleb lies on the left bank of the Pasvik, 4-5 Kil. S. of El-
The river consists of a series of lakes, some of them 10-20 Kil.
long, rising in steps, and connected by about thirty waterfalls.
About 6-7 Kil. from Boris-Gleb are the Storfos (Gieddegavdnje)
and the Harefos (Njoammel Guoika, 'hare-fall'), on the Valegas-
Javre. The (40 Kil.) Manniko-Koski ('pine-waterfall'), amid fine
forest scenery, may also be visited.
The local steamer (Com. 430) next steers E. from the Begfjord
into the Jarfjord, calls at Valen and Jarfjordbunden, and then
follows the coast to the fishing and trading stations of Pasvik and
Jacobselvs-Kapel. Since the visit of Oscar II. in 1873, recalled by
a marble slab, the place has been named 'Oscar den AndensKapel'.
It lies on the Jacobs-Elv (Lapp Vuorjem), the boundary between
Norway and Russia.
The following Lapp words (in which h = ch, c = ts, and 5 = sh) oc¬
cur frequently: Duoddar, mountain; varre, hill; varre-oaaive, hill-top;
tjokk, point; njarg, promontory, peninsula; suolo, island; gedge, stone;
cacce, water ; vuodna, fjord ; javre, lake ; gaiva, spring ; jokki, river; guoika,
waterfall; njalmi, estuary; jcekna, glacier; olmiis, person, human being;
goatte, house; maa, land; buocco, reindeer; suoppan, lasso; gubsse, cow
guosse-voja, cow's-fat, butter; guolle, fish; guvtjin, trout; muovra, tree;
dcedno, fir, pine; kumse, cradle; pulk, kjwrris, sledge; beska, fur-coat-
gabmagak, shoes; skalkomager, fur-boots; bellinger, leathern gaiters; nibe
knife; doppa, edge; bosnagulam, a mile (literally 'as far as a dog's bark
is heard'). — The Lapp greeting on entering a house is Wafthe vissu?
(peace to your house)! The answer, Hbmel addi' (God grant it)! iBurist'
or lbuorre bceive' (good day)! Answer, Hbmel addi V
36. From the Altenfjord to Haparanda in Sweden.
About 700 Kil., a fatiguing journey of 11-13 days. From Alten (p. 235)
to hautokemo 4 days; thence to Muoniovara 3-4 days; to Haparanda 4-5 days
more. This route has been trodden by L. von Buch, Acerbi, Charles Martins
Bravais, Oscar Schmidt, and other scientists and men of mark, but has no
attraction for ordinary tourists. The best time is between mid-August and
mid-September. Earlier the mosquitoes are insufferable; later the days
draw in and snow begins. Passports must be visi by a Russian ambassador
or consul (consul at Hammerfest).
From Alten to Katjtokeino, about 140 Kil. by the mountain
route W. of the Alten-Elv, or 155 Kil. if we follow that river. We
prefer the former and engage guide and horses for the whole way.
Four 'Fjeldstuer' afford shelter, but provisions must be taken. The
highest point of the vast fjeld which we cross, far W., is the Nup-
pivarre (2727 ft. ; Lapp 'varre', Finnish 'vara', mountain). The
stations are: 24 Kil. (map-measurement) Gargia-Stue (360 ft.; road
thus far), 23 Kil. Suolovuobme or Solovom (1302 ft.); 26 Kil. Pigge-
javre (1112 ft.); 52 Kil. Kautokeino.
Those who take the longer route, up the Alten-Elv (Alatajokki),
ride across the Beskadosfjeld to the Ladnijaure and Masi (814 ft),