toVads0. VADS0. Map, p. 228. — 34 R. 241
To the W. of the town is the fortress of Vardehus, founded about
1310, to which Norway once owed her hold of Finmarken, but now
of no importance, with a garrison of 16 men only. Inscriptions on a
beam here recall the visits of Christian IV., King of Denmark and
Norway, in 1599, and Oscar II., King of Sweden and Norway, in
1873. To the E. of the town is a timber-built church. In the
vicinity are countless 'Hjelder' for drying fish.
We may ascend the (20 min.) Vardefjeld (194 ft.), a rocky hill
behind the church, overlooking the town and island: S.E. the
Domen (512 ft.); E. the open sea; S. the district of Syd-Varanger,
with the adjoining Russian territory. — Violent storms rage here
in winter, but the temperature is so mild (lowest about 5° Fahr.)
that sheep remain in the open air all the year round.
A Russian steamer plies once a week from Varda by Vads# to Archangel
on the While Sea in five days; comp. Baedeker's Russia (in German only).
The steamer (to Vadse 3l/2-^l/2 hrs.) rounds the islands Ren0
and Horn0. On Rene is the summer-residence of the commandant
of Vardehus, two turf-covered huts resembling 'Gammer'. The
down and eggs of the sea-fowl on the island yield part of his in¬
come. We next pass the small trading-station of Kiberg on the
dreary coast, and skirt the S. side of the Vads0, on which the town
of Vadse formerly lay.
60 S.M. Vadse (Aanestad's Hot.; Aas'sHot; British Vice-Consul,
B. M. Akermand), a town with 2200 inhab., half Finns ('Kvaener'),
lies in 70° 4' N. lat., on the S. bank^ of the peninsula of Varjag-
Njarga. The Lapp name of the place, Cacce-Suollo (pron. chahtze),
the Finnish Vesi-Saari, and Vadse all signify 'water-island'. The
Finns, chiefly immigrants from Russian Finland, live at Ytre-
Vads0, the E. suburb. Each of their houses has a bath-room
('Sauna'), where a Russian vapour-bath may be ordered. On every
side are odoriferous 'Hjelder' for drying fish. Potatoes, stunted
mountain-ashes, and a few spring-flowers, such as forget-me-not,
brave the climate. The Church stands on a hill to the N. of the
town. The sacristy contains a votive picture of 1661. Under the
tower, which may be ascended, is a curious offertory - box. The
Amtmand has a pleasant 'Residens'. The shops sell Russian ar¬
ticles, such as 'Naeverskrukker', or baskets made of birch-bark.
The last station of the mail-boats of Line I is Kirkenas (p. 242).
FEOM VADse TO THE TANAFJORD. — ROAD (104 Kil.; skyds for
2 pers. 25-30 kr.). This journey affords a welcome change after the long
sea-voyage, but there is scant time for it, as we have to reach Vagge or
Smalfjord on the forenoon of the second day in order to catch the mail-
steamer. Enquiry should be made of the captain as to the time of her
arrival at Vagge. Mosquito-veils advisable.
The road skirts the Varanger Fjord, passing several Lapp
dwellings, as at Mortensnas, and the church of Nasseby. The veg¬
etation improves as we ascend the fjord.
Baedeker's Norway and Sweden. 9th Edit. jg