to the North Cape. HAMMERFEST. Map, p. 228. — 33. R. 237
Rom. Cath. Church and the large warehouses. To the S.W. is the
superior quarter of the town, rebuilt since the fire of 1890, with
the Storgade as its main street. Here are the Prot. Church, the
town-hall, two schools, and the Stift-Amtmand's house.
The E. prolongation of the Grennevold-Gade leads N. round
the harbour, then W. to (20 min.) the Fuglnas, to which we may
also row. At the end of the cape are a lighthouse (disused of course
in summer) and the house of the British consul. A conspicuous
little granite column, called the Meridianstette, crowned with a
globe in bronze, has been erected here in memory of the measure¬
ment of degrees in 1816-52, by Russian, Swedish and Norwegian
geometers. Fine view of the town and the barren hills around.
«■ ThfLLatin and Norwegian inscriptions on the column are to this
effect: N. end of the meridian 25° 21' long., extending from the Arctic
Ocean to the Danube (from Hammerfest to Ismail), through Norway,
Sweden and Russia, which, by order of King Oscar I. and Emperors
Alexander I. and Nicholas I., the geometers of the three nations measured
with uninterrupted labour in the years 1816-1852. Lat. 70° 40' 11 3" — On
the Fuglnees Sir Edward Sabine made his famous experiments with the
pendulum in 1823.
From the hill to the N. of the Meridianstette we have an unbroken
view of the N. horizon, and therefore of the midnight sun also.
The long hill to the S. of Hammerfest, on which, as we
enter the harbour, we observe a stone signal with a wooden top,
is called *Sadlen ('saddle'; pron. sahlen). An easy path, beginning
by the band-stand at the W. end of the Stor-Gade, ascends the
slopes in windings to the (i/4 hr.) top (rfmts.), where we have a
fine view of the town and harbour. We may descend to the valley
on the E. side, where we reach a wad by the little lake Storvand.
On the other bank of the lake are remains of a birch-grove and
several country-houses. — The signal-station at the top of the
Sadlen, 3/4 m. W. of the little cafe', overlooks the glaciers and snow-
mountains of Seiland and the Sere, but is not high enough for a
view of the midnight sun.
Ascent of the Tyven, to the S. of Hammerfest (iy2-2 hrs to the
top; guide unnecessary). We follow the road on the E. side of the
badlen, above the Storvand, and then turn to the right, following the
telegraph-wires, keeping well to the right to avoid the swamps The
lyven is the high hill at the foot of which the wires run A little
farther on we mount to the left to a knoll covered with loose stones
passing under the wires, and then past a small pond, to (1 hr) the foot
of the abrupt Tyven. Here we turn to the left, close to the base of huge
fallen rocks, and ascend the steep course of a small brook, fringed with
willows and dwarf birches. At the top of the gully we see W. the sea
and N. the villas above mentioned, and beyond them another small lake
Large herds of tame reindeer, whose peculiar grunting ('Grynte') is heard
a long way off, graze here in summer. We now ascend steeply to the
right, passing a snow-field which lies on the right, and then, keepin" still
more to the right, reach (s/« hr.) the top of the -Tyven (1375 ft.), marked
by a pyramid of stones. The hill consists of gneiss, with slale at the top.
It descends very abruptly on the W. side, with the sea washing its base;
close by is a bay with meadows, a birch-wood, and several houses. We
survey K the barren and desolate Kvale, with its numerous ponds, and
b. and W. long mountain-ranges, snow-fields, and glaciers. Most con-