Jotunheim. LEIRDAL. 22. Route. 147
behind us of the Styggedalstinder with the huge Gjertvasbrae.
We next reach a higher region of the Store Utladal and (IV2 hr.
from Skogadalsbeen) the Muran-Sseter (3325 ft. ; tolerable quarters,
if open), on the opposite (right) bank of the river (bridge). Grand
view ofthe Styggedalstinder to the W., the Kirke to the N.E., and the
Rauddalstind to the E. (The route through the Rauddal to the
Gjendebod follows the left bank of the Utla, see p. 162.)
We now follow the N. bank of the Utla. On the S. side we observe
the Skogadalsnaasi and the secondMelkedalstind; then a large water-
fall descending from the Rauddalsmund (p. 162), adjoining which
on the N. rise the Rauddalstinder. Nearly opposite the Rauddal is
the stone hut of Stor Halleren, used by reindeer-stalkers. In as¬
cending we look back at intervals to see the impressive view ofthe
Horùnger. The valley now takes the name of Gravdal. We next
have to wade (best near the Utla) through the Sand-Elv, descend¬
ing on the left from the Sjortningsbrae, an offshoot of the Smerstab-
brae, above which towers the curiously shaped Storebjern (p. 154).
The path ascends and the flora becomes Alpine. We at length
come to the stone refuge-hut on the Leirvand (4930 ft.), 5-6 hrs.
from Skogadalsbeen, where the routes from the Gravdal, from the
Leirdal, from the Visdal, and from the Hegvagel (p. 164) converge.
To the E. towers the curiously shaped Kirke (7070 ft. ; comp.
below); to the N.E. the Tvarbottenhorn (about 6890 ft.).
The route through the Visdal goes round the N. side of the Leirvand
and ascends through the Kirkeglup, between the Kirke on the right and
the Tvaerbottenhorn on the left, to the Kirketjcerne, a series of tarns. Pass¬
ing these, it then descends to the E. into the Upper Visdal. On the right
are the TJladalstinder, with a great glacier. The route, which cannot be
mistaken, unites at Uladalsmynnet with that coming from Lake Gjende
Descending the Leirdal, we skirt the imposing Ymesfjeld (p. 152)
on the right, but the curious-looking Skarstind (7885 ft.) is the
only one of its peaks visible. To the left are the grand glacier
tongues of the Smerstabbrae and several of the Smerstabtinder. To
the N. of the Storebrae rises the Storebratind (7306 ft.). In 2 hrs.
from the Leirvand we reach the saeter of —
Slethavn (owned by Amund Elvesater; good quarters). To the
W. tower the Stetind and the Skagsnab (6560 ft.), both of which
may be ascended by robust mountaineers with good guides (each
8-9 hrs., there and back). Visitors also speak well of the ascent of
the Kirke (see above; guide necessary), with descent through the
Gravdal to Skogadalsbeen (p. 146; 12-14 hrs.).
To the left, farther on, appears Loftet (7315 ft.), with its
glaciers. In 2 hrs. more we pass the prettily situated Ytterdals-
Satre (3085 ft. ; plain quarters), near the lofty fall of the Duma.
We cross the Leira by a bridge and descend by the route described
at p. 153 to (4-5 hrs.) Rejshjem (p. 151).