fare (but not on the cost of food) for each of the other members of
the party. In Sweden members of the Tourists' Union (p. xxiv)
often obtain considerable reductions (rabatt) on the ordinary fare.
Return-tickets are usually valid for a month or more, but do not
permit the journey to be broken. When tickets are taken on board.
the steamer (usuai at small stations) a booking-fee of 30 0. is
common. The captains and mates generally speak English. The
traveller should be careful to look after his own luggage.
The food is generally good and abundant, though a little mono-
tonous. Vegetables are rare, and tinned meats, salt relishes, and
cheese always preponderate at breakfast and supper. The tariff in
the Bergen and Nordenfjeld steamers, which is a little higher than
in the smaller vessels, is as follows : — food per day, including ser-
vice, 5y2kr. ; or, separately, the charge for breakfast is l*/2 kr., for
dinner (at2) 2kr. 40»., supper (at 7.30) l1^^1.; attendance 50». ;
cup of tea or coffee with biscuit or rusk (Kavringer) in the morning
35 0. ; small cup of coffee after dinner 20». ; beer 40 0. per bottle,
25 «r. per half-bottle; claret lt/jkr. per half-bottle. No spirits
are procurable. The account should be paid daily, to prevent mis-
takes. The steward expects a fee proportioned to the length of the
voyage and the services rendered.
Bailways (Norw. Jernbaner, Sw. Jernvagar). Most of the rail-
ways are similar to those in other European countries ; but in Nor¬
way and Sweden there are several narrow-gauge lines (31/3ft.),
with two classes only, corresponding to the2ndand3rd on the other
lines. The guard is called 'Konduktor'. In both countries the rail-
ways observe Central Europe time (1 hr. ahead of Greenwich time).
Luggage (50-70lbs. usually free), except what the passenger takes
into the carriage with him, must be booked. The average speed of
the quick trains (Norw. Hurtigtog, Sw. kurìrtàg, snàlltàg~) is 22-24
Engl. M., that of the mixed trains (blandede Tog, blandade tàg)
15-20 Engl. M. per hour. Ali the trains have smoking-carriages
(Begekupé, rokkupé) and ladies' compartments (Kvindekupé, dam-
kupé). Return-tickets are usually valid for a month.
On the Swedish State Railways there is a special zone-tariff for distances
over 300 Kil. to the N. of Stockholm. Thus the 2nd ci. fare by express
train from Stockholm to Kilafors (300 Kil.) is 18 kr., while the fare to
Nalden (618 Kil.) is only 6 kr. 35 o. more. These tickets permit the journey
to be broken once (but if a night be spent, notice must be given to the
station-master). Stoppages of the train at the officiai night-stations (comp.
pp. 366, 374) are not reckoned as breaks on the journey.
The Railway Restaurants in Sweden and at the principal
stations in Norway are generally good and not expensive ; but those
on the branch-lines are often poor. Passengers help themselves,
there being little or no attendance. For breakfast the usuai charge
is l^-l1/^» for dinner or supper IV2-IV4 kr. ; for a cup of
coffee or half-bottle of beer 25 0. ; sandwiches 25-50». ; spirits not
obtainable. The express-trains stop at certain stations, the names