I. Expenses. Money. Language. Passports. Post Office.
Expenses. Travelling in Norway and Sweden is less expensive
in some respects than in other parts of Europe, but the great dis¬
tances which require to be traversed by road and rail or by steamboat
necessarily involve a very considerable sum-total. After arrivai in
the country, 20-25s. per day ought to cover ali outlays, but much
less will suffice for those who make a prolonged stay at one or more
resting-places, or for pedestrian tourists (p. xxii) in the less fre-
Money. In 1873 and 1875 the currency of the three Scandina-
vian kingdoms was assimilated. The crown (krone; Swed. krona),
worth ls. l1/^., is divided into 100 ere (Swed. ore; see money
table before the title-page). These coins and the government
banknotes (but not those of locai or of private banks) are current
throughout the three countries. British sovereigns, worth 18 kr.
each, usually realise their full value at the principal centres of
commerce, but the rate of exchange is often a few ere below par.
Large sums are best carried in the form of circular notes or letters
of credit, as issued by the chief British and American banks. The
traveller should be well supplied with small notes and coins (smaa
Penge) before starting on his tour, as it is often difficult in the
remoter districts to get change for gold or larger notes.
Language. English is spoken on board almost ali the Nor¬
wegian steamboats and at the principal resorts of travellers, both
in Norway and Sweden, but in the country districts the vernac-
ular alone is understood. Danish, as pronouncedin Norway (which
is analogous to English spoken with a broad Scottish accent), is on
the whole the more useful of the two languages, as most travellers
devote more time to Norway than to Sweden, and as it is easily
understood in Sweden. (See grammars and vocabularies in the
removable cover at the end of the volume.)
Passports are unnecessary, except for the purpose of procuring
delivery of registered letters. — The Custom House Examination
is invariably lenient. Comp. p. 301.
Post Office. The postage of a letter, weighing !/2 oz-i i-s 20 «re
to any country in the Postai Union, and of a post-card (Brefkort,
Brevkort) 10 e>. ; that of a letter within Norway, Sweden, and Den¬
mark 10 ni. The traveller should avoid giving his correspondents
any poste restante address other than steamboat or railway stations,
as the communication with places off the beaten track is very slow.