below). The Populations and other statistics are from the
most recent officiai sources.
In the Handbook are enumerated both the first-class hotels
and those of humbler pretensions. Those which the Editor,
either from his own experience, or from an examination of
the numerous hotel-bills sent him by travellers of dirTerent
nationalities, believes to be most worthy of commendation,
are denoted by asterisks. It should, however, be borne in
mind that hotels are liable to Constant changes, and that the
treatment experienced by the traveller often depends on
circumstances which can neither be foreseen nor controlied.
Although prices generally have an upward tendency, the
average charges stated in the Handbook will enable the trav¬
eller to fora a fair estimate of his expenditure.
To hotel-keepers, tradesmen, and others the Editor begs
to intimate that a character for fair dealing towards trav¬
ellers forms the sole passport to his commendation, and that
advertisements of every kind are strictly excluded from his
Handbooks. Hotel-keepers are also warned against persons
representing themselves as agents for Baedeker's Handbooks.
N., S., E., W. = north, northern;
south, southern ; east, eastern ; west,
M. = English mile, unless the con-
trary is stated (see Table opposite
S. M. = Norwegian sea-mile.
Kil. = Kilomètre (see Table oppo¬
Ft. = English feet.
Com., Kom. = "Norges Comrnuni-
cationer" and l;Sveriges Koniniuni-
kationer'' respectively (see p. xviii).
R., B., D., S., A. = room, breakfast,
dinner, supper, attendance.
U. also = Route.
e, ca. = circa, about.
Rfrnts. = refresbments.
Kr., 0. = crowns and 0re in Norway
Ò. = ore, the Swedish form of 0re.
As the metrical system has been adopted in both Norway and Sweden,
the Distances are usually given in kilomètres, though the old reckoning
by miles is stili common in some parts of Norway, one Norwegian mile
(= 7 Engl. M.) being reckoned as 3 hrs.' walking or 2 hrs.' driving. In
Sweden distances are occasionally calculated in 'new' Swedish miles (1 ny
svensk Mil = 10 Kil. = 6>/4 Engl. M.); the old Swedish mile is about
V2 Engl. 31. longer. On railway-routes the distances are generally reckoned
from the starting-point, while on highroads the distances from station to
station are given as more convenient.
On the steamboat-routes the distances are given approximately in Nor¬
wegian sea-miles (S. M.) or nautical miles. A Norwegian nautical mile is
equal to four English knots or nautical miles (about 43/s Engl. statute MJ,
and the steamers are usually timed to travel from 2 to 21/2 Norwegian
nautical miles per hour. The ordinary tariff is 40 0. per nautical mile,
but no charge is made for deviations from the vessel's direct course.
Asterisks (*) are used as marks of commendation.